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Body / masculine stratification in gay students' groups: Discussion from the concept of hegemonic masculinity and body capital

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Abstract:

The focus in this paper is body / masculine stratification in school subcultures, particularly in gay students’ groups. This paper (1) questions why masculinity has become an ennobled concept in schooling and (2) discusses the relationships among the fear of crisis of masculinity and body stratification, and queerness in the student’s subculture in Taiwan. By reviewing relevant theoretical debates on the basis of some fieldwork-based data, this paper examines how external social or cultural mechanisms shape body and masculine identities in school fields. This paper will use the concepts of hegemonic masculinity and body capital to discuss this issue. The first concept – hegemonic masculinity—comes from R.W. Connell. Hegemonic masculinity refers to the idea that a culturally normative ideal of male behaviour exists (i.e., that to which men are strongly encouraged to aim), which is calculated to guarantee the dominant position of some men over others, and the subordination of women. In this paper, I use this concept to describe different body status and meanings in gay students’ communities. The gay who has stud body with strong masculinity occupies the top position. On the contrary, the gay who has obesity body with sissy temperament carries with certain stigma in this stratification. In other words, we need to use body capital to analyze this issue. In the end, this paper will try to build body typology in the gay students’ community with theoretical debates.
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Name: 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society
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http://www.cies.us


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URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p488111_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Chang, Yin-Kun. "Body / masculine stratification in gay students' groups: Discussion from the concept of hegemonic masculinity and body capital" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Fairmont Le Reine Elizabeth, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, May 01, 2011 <Not Available>. 2014-11-26 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p488111_index.html>

APA Citation:

Chang, Y. , 2011-05-01 "Body / masculine stratification in gay students' groups: Discussion from the concept of hegemonic masculinity and body capital" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Fairmont Le Reine Elizabeth, Montreal, Quebec, Canada <Not Available>. 2014-11-26 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p488111_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The focus in this paper is body / masculine stratification in school subcultures, particularly in gay students’ groups. This paper (1) questions why masculinity has become an ennobled concept in schooling and (2) discusses the relationships among the fear of crisis of masculinity and body stratification, and queerness in the student’s subculture in Taiwan. By reviewing relevant theoretical debates on the basis of some fieldwork-based data, this paper examines how external social or cultural mechanisms shape body and masculine identities in school fields. This paper will use the concepts of hegemonic masculinity and body capital to discuss this issue. The first concept – hegemonic masculinity—comes from R.W. Connell. Hegemonic masculinity refers to the idea that a culturally normative ideal of male behaviour exists (i.e., that to which men are strongly encouraged to aim), which is calculated to guarantee the dominant position of some men over others, and the subordination of women. In this paper, I use this concept to describe different body status and meanings in gay students’ communities. The gay who has stud body with strong masculinity occupies the top position. On the contrary, the gay who has obesity body with sissy temperament carries with certain stigma in this stratification. In other words, we need to use body capital to analyze this issue. In the end, this paper will try to build body typology in the gay students’ community with theoretical debates.


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