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"Why" and "how" matter: Student engagement in China's context

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Abstract:

Within the recent years, the big quantitative expansion in higher education in China, has increased not only student numbers, but also concerns of overall quality of higher education. Student engagement in teaching and learning process and the outcomes of their college life become issues for scholars to discuss. The paper uses randomly sampled questionnaires of over 20,000 undergraduate students collected by NSSE-China research team in 2009 from 25 different HEIs (higher education institutions) in China as premier resources, supported by interviews with students and teachers in field visits of different campuses. The following questions are the focuses. Firstly, what does "student engagement" really mean for Chinese undergraduate students, particular in the context of social transition and massification of higher education in China? Secondly, what underpins student engagement and stimulates them to be engaged in these (not other) learning activities and what factors influence their choices of engagement? Special concern will be given to the students who study in the very top universities and some local, rural, newly merged 4 year colleges. The basic points of the paper are the following: the concept of "student engagement" is culturally constructed. It is shown in student's behaviors, but rooted in social understanding of "good" or "bad" students. The student motivation is a key component to student engagement, which is not always the individual choices, but drives by the social expectation and utilitarianism. In the time of massification, marketization and globalization of higher education, NSSE-China survey and related interviews provide us a window into the reality of interaction of undergraduate students with the HEIS and society as a whole in China's social transition.
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Association:
Name: 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society
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http://www.cies.us


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URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p492439_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Shi, Jinghuan. ""Why" and "how" matter: Student engagement in China's context" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Fairmont Le Reine Elizabeth, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, Apr 30, 2011 <Not Available>. 2014-11-26 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p492439_index.html>

APA Citation:

Shi, J. , 2011-04-30 ""Why" and "how" matter: Student engagement in China's context" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Fairmont Le Reine Elizabeth, Montreal, Quebec, Canada <Not Available>. 2014-11-26 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p492439_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Within the recent years, the big quantitative expansion in higher education in China, has increased not only student numbers, but also concerns of overall quality of higher education. Student engagement in teaching and learning process and the outcomes of their college life become issues for scholars to discuss. The paper uses randomly sampled questionnaires of over 20,000 undergraduate students collected by NSSE-China research team in 2009 from 25 different HEIs (higher education institutions) in China as premier resources, supported by interviews with students and teachers in field visits of different campuses. The following questions are the focuses. Firstly, what does "student engagement" really mean for Chinese undergraduate students, particular in the context of social transition and massification of higher education in China? Secondly, what underpins student engagement and stimulates them to be engaged in these (not other) learning activities and what factors influence their choices of engagement? Special concern will be given to the students who study in the very top universities and some local, rural, newly merged 4 year colleges. The basic points of the paper are the following: the concept of "student engagement" is culturally constructed. It is shown in student's behaviors, but rooted in social understanding of "good" or "bad" students. The student motivation is a key component to student engagement, which is not always the individual choices, but drives by the social expectation and utilitarianism. In the time of massification, marketization and globalization of higher education, NSSE-China survey and related interviews provide us a window into the reality of interaction of undergraduate students with the HEIS and society as a whole in China's social transition.


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