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"Doctor philosophiae": A German success story

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Abstract:

Germany is one of the countries – perhaps the country – where the ratio of people holding a doctoral degree is, in proportion to the total population above the age of 25, the highest in the world. The social value of holding a doctorate has been – and still is – as considerable as is its usefulness for constructing a professional career. In recent debates on “élite formation”, sociologists have even considered the status of the German doctorate as a functional equivalent to élite institutions so characteristic of the strongly hierarchized higher education systems of, e.g., France and England. The paper seeks to trace this status back (a) to the successive dissolution and diversification of a degree structure that, since medieval times, had been common to European universities in general and (b) to the emergence of the modern research university in Germany from the foundation of the Universities of Göttingen and Berlin onwards. It goes on to outline the successive transformations doctoral studies have undergone over the nineteenth and twentieth century as well as the policies, pursued from the early 1990s onwards, to introduce more structured doctoral programs.

Author's Keywords:

Europe, Doctoral studies, Bologna process
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Association:
Name: 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society
URL:
http://www.cies.us


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URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p492510_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Schriewer, Juergen. ""Doctor philosophiae": A German success story" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Fairmont Le Reine Elizabeth, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, <Not Available>. 2014-11-26 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p492510_index.html>

APA Citation:

Schriewer, J. K. ""Doctor philosophiae": A German success story" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Fairmont Le Reine Elizabeth, Montreal, Quebec, Canada <Not Available>. 2014-11-26 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p492510_index.html

Publication Type: Panel Paper
Abstract: Germany is one of the countries – perhaps the country – where the ratio of people holding a doctoral degree is, in proportion to the total population above the age of 25, the highest in the world. The social value of holding a doctorate has been – and still is – as considerable as is its usefulness for constructing a professional career. In recent debates on “élite formation”, sociologists have even considered the status of the German doctorate as a functional equivalent to élite institutions so characteristic of the strongly hierarchized higher education systems of, e.g., France and England. The paper seeks to trace this status back (a) to the successive dissolution and diversification of a degree structure that, since medieval times, had been common to European universities in general and (b) to the emergence of the modern research university in Germany from the foundation of the Universities of Göttingen and Berlin onwards. It goes on to outline the successive transformations doctoral studies have undergone over the nineteenth and twentieth century as well as the policies, pursued from the early 1990s onwards, to introduce more structured doctoral programs.


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