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Female bodies in transition: The influence of ideology and culture on the development of girls’ PE in Taiwan and China

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Abstract:

Modern sports and physical education were introduced to Chinese societies in the late nineteenth century as elements of Western culture. Following the import of modern sports and physical education, the women in Chinese societies also experienced drastic changes in social relations, lifestyle and physical experiences. In this paper I review the contemporary development of girls’ PE in the Republic of China (Taiwan) and the People’s Republic of China. Specifically, I focus on cultural, social, political and economic contexts to explore the transformation of the meaning of body and gender role and its impact on girls’ participation in physical activities over the past one hundred years. Although the two countries share a common cultural heritage, they have followed distinctly different paths since 1949 due to their respective economic and political environments. As a result, girls’ PE in Taiwan and China have developed very different characteristics that reflect the sociopolitical climates of the two countries. The main objectives of this paper are to explore (a) how social and national ideologies pertaining to physical education and sports in each of these two countries have developed from specific political, social, and educational scenarios, and (b) how political, social, and cultural attitudes toward gender roles and the body are affecting female participation in physical activities, especially under the continuing influences of Western physical culture. This study provides a better understanding of how Chinese girls’ bodies are defined and evaluated within the historical and cultural contexts of physical education and national ideology from a comparative perspective.
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Association:
Name: 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society
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http://www.cies.us


Citation:
URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p492713_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Huang, Hsiao-Ting. "Female bodies in transition: The influence of ideology and culture on the development of girls’ PE in Taiwan and China" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Fairmont Le Reine Elizabeth, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, <Not Available>. 2014-11-26 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p492713_index.html>

APA Citation:

Huang, H. "Female bodies in transition: The influence of ideology and culture on the development of girls’ PE in Taiwan and China" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Fairmont Le Reine Elizabeth, Montreal, Quebec, Canada <Not Available>. 2014-11-26 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p492713_index.html

Publication Type: Panel Paper
Abstract: Modern sports and physical education were introduced to Chinese societies in the late nineteenth century as elements of Western culture. Following the import of modern sports and physical education, the women in Chinese societies also experienced drastic changes in social relations, lifestyle and physical experiences. In this paper I review the contemporary development of girls’ PE in the Republic of China (Taiwan) and the People’s Republic of China. Specifically, I focus on cultural, social, political and economic contexts to explore the transformation of the meaning of body and gender role and its impact on girls’ participation in physical activities over the past one hundred years. Although the two countries share a common cultural heritage, they have followed distinctly different paths since 1949 due to their respective economic and political environments. As a result, girls’ PE in Taiwan and China have developed very different characteristics that reflect the sociopolitical climates of the two countries. The main objectives of this paper are to explore (a) how social and national ideologies pertaining to physical education and sports in each of these two countries have developed from specific political, social, and educational scenarios, and (b) how political, social, and cultural attitudes toward gender roles and the body are affecting female participation in physical activities, especially under the continuing influences of Western physical culture. This study provides a better understanding of how Chinese girls’ bodies are defined and evaluated within the historical and cultural contexts of physical education and national ideology from a comparative perspective.


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