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Changing marriage patterns among young adults in Cape Town, S.Africa: Implications for designing effective policy

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Abstract:

Economic reforms in post-apartheid South Africa aimed at improving social equity and income distribution. Amoateng argues that an unanticipated outcome of reform was a change in marriage patterns, particularly among women (Amoateng, 2007). The current paper uses panel data on young adults based in metropolitan Cape Town to reflect this change. Further, the paper uses logistic regression analysis to explore socioeconomic factors associated with first marriage among this population and specifically among women.

The relationship between nuptial decisions and socioeconomic factors has been extensively researched. Giddens’ theory of structuration suggests that macro and micro forces must be examined in conjunction with each other to understand choices, including those related to marriage, in modern society. Exclusion of micro or macro-level factors in explaining cause-effect relationships could result in logical fallacies (Giddens, 1999). Based on Giddens model and previous evidence on decision to marry, the paper uses proxies for macro forces and individual-level (micro) indicators to examine how the probability of first marriage is related to these factors.

The data are part of a larger data collection effort that followed young adults between 14-22 years over four waves of data collection from 2002 to 2006. About 4,700 participants were surveyed on several dimensions – education, sexual partnerships, fertility, employment and earnings.
Preliminary analysis found significant relationships for demographic factors. Subsequent analysis will use information on critical indicators like childbearing and employment history to test their association with marriage. The analysis will include accounting for missing data, a frequent problem encountered when using panel data, on some of these critical indicators. Implications for designing effective policy for a changing demographic will be discussed.
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Association:
Name: 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society
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http://www.cies.us


Citation:
URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p492852_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Tognatta, Namrata. "Changing marriage patterns among young adults in Cape Town, S.Africa: Implications for designing effective policy" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Fairmont Le Reine Elizabeth, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, May 01, 2011 <Not Available>. 2014-11-26 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p492852_index.html>

APA Citation:

Tognatta, N. , 2011-05-01 "Changing marriage patterns among young adults in Cape Town, S.Africa: Implications for designing effective policy" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Fairmont Le Reine Elizabeth, Montreal, Quebec, Canada <Not Available>. 2014-11-26 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p492852_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Economic reforms in post-apartheid South Africa aimed at improving social equity and income distribution. Amoateng argues that an unanticipated outcome of reform was a change in marriage patterns, particularly among women (Amoateng, 2007). The current paper uses panel data on young adults based in metropolitan Cape Town to reflect this change. Further, the paper uses logistic regression analysis to explore socioeconomic factors associated with first marriage among this population and specifically among women.

The relationship between nuptial decisions and socioeconomic factors has been extensively researched. Giddens’ theory of structuration suggests that macro and micro forces must be examined in conjunction with each other to understand choices, including those related to marriage, in modern society. Exclusion of micro or macro-level factors in explaining cause-effect relationships could result in logical fallacies (Giddens, 1999). Based on Giddens model and previous evidence on decision to marry, the paper uses proxies for macro forces and individual-level (micro) indicators to examine how the probability of first marriage is related to these factors.

The data are part of a larger data collection effort that followed young adults between 14-22 years over four waves of data collection from 2002 to 2006. About 4,700 participants were surveyed on several dimensions – education, sexual partnerships, fertility, employment and earnings.
Preliminary analysis found significant relationships for demographic factors. Subsequent analysis will use information on critical indicators like childbearing and employment history to test their association with marriage. The analysis will include accounting for missing data, a frequent problem encountered when using panel data, on some of these critical indicators. Implications for designing effective policy for a changing demographic will be discussed.


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