Citation

Changing trends in the flow of international human capital: From the perspective of foreign-trained PhD Chinese in America, Britain, and Australia

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Abstract:

In the context of globalization of higher education, studies in the international mobility of human capital have gained increasingly popularity over the past decades. Those who hold foreign degrees in developed countries are often seen as highly skilled talents, and thus a vital human capital to make contribution to the development of any given country. However, research on specific ethnic group Chinese overseas elites (here, foreign-trained Chinese PhD students) is rare in existing documents. Although the Chinese government has made extensive efforts to attract Chinese foreign-trained talents to return and serve China by introducing a series of initiatives policies since 2000, the initiative policies do not work effectively, especially considering attracting foreign-trained talents in the categories of “those are self-funded” and “those hold scholarships from host universities” (Ministry of Education, 2010).

The paper investigates the changing trends of international human capital flow from the perspective of foreign-trained PhD Chinese in America, Britain and Australia. Based on “pull and push theory” and “brain circulation model”, document analysis, focus group and interviews are conducted to explain the reasons that foreign-trained Chinese talents choose to stay abroad instead of returning back and the factors influencing their decision. Moreover, factors of demographic characteristics (such as discipline, gender, age and year of working experience etc.) are also taken into consideration. Besides, similarities and differences of attitude amongst foreign-trained PhD Chinese in three “importer” countries are deeply discussed.

Author's Keywords:

international human capital flow; push and pull; brain circulation; foreign-trained PhD; Chinese; import country (America, Britain and Australia)
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Association:
Name: 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society
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MLA Citation:

Zhou, Tinghua. and Wang, Xuhong. "Changing trends in the flow of international human capital: From the perspective of foreign-trained PhD Chinese in America, Britain, and Australia" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Fairmont Le Reine Elizabeth, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, May 01, 2011 <Not Available>. 2014-11-26 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p492873_index.html>

APA Citation:

Zhou, T. and Wang, X. , 2011-05-01 "Changing trends in the flow of international human capital: From the perspective of foreign-trained PhD Chinese in America, Britain, and Australia" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Fairmont Le Reine Elizabeth, Montreal, Quebec, Canada <Not Available>. 2014-11-26 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p492873_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: In the context of globalization of higher education, studies in the international mobility of human capital have gained increasingly popularity over the past decades. Those who hold foreign degrees in developed countries are often seen as highly skilled talents, and thus a vital human capital to make contribution to the development of any given country. However, research on specific ethnic group Chinese overseas elites (here, foreign-trained Chinese PhD students) is rare in existing documents. Although the Chinese government has made extensive efforts to attract Chinese foreign-trained talents to return and serve China by introducing a series of initiatives policies since 2000, the initiative policies do not work effectively, especially considering attracting foreign-trained talents in the categories of “those are self-funded” and “those hold scholarships from host universities” (Ministry of Education, 2010).

The paper investigates the changing trends of international human capital flow from the perspective of foreign-trained PhD Chinese in America, Britain and Australia. Based on “pull and push theory” and “brain circulation model”, document analysis, focus group and interviews are conducted to explain the reasons that foreign-trained Chinese talents choose to stay abroad instead of returning back and the factors influencing their decision. Moreover, factors of demographic characteristics (such as discipline, gender, age and year of working experience etc.) are also taken into consideration. Besides, similarities and differences of attitude amongst foreign-trained PhD Chinese in three “importer” countries are deeply discussed.


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