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A comparative view of the development of the IT industry in India and Mexico

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Abstract:

OBJECTIVES: Describe a comparative study of India's global leadership IT through the triple helix model, its policies and actions and the efforts of Mexico's federal government to replicate this sucessfull model, encouraging IT industry, through promoting higher education to achieve a human capital of high quality. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK In this article I use a process descriptive/comparative to make evident the conditions, variables and policies that made India the leader in the software industry globally. I refer to elements that take part in the triple helix model that unites on a common goal the government, the business sector and universities. I describe the functions of the software technology parks (STP), which are fundamental to the success of the model above. I also reflect about replicating the model to developing countries. Comparatively I refer to Mexico's efforts in this trend and it's illustrates how the model the triple helix is used. It also describes progress in the establishment of STP's along Mexico's geography, and describes how in a northeast state starts one of them, and how implements strategies that directly influence higher education, research and their quality. FINDINGS India improves its model through strengthening the quality software products, in order to confront China's competence. The high quality skills of Indian human capital as well as the high proficiency in English remains the main strength for its leadership in IT industry. In Mexico there is a lack of English proficiency and the amount of graduates in engineering is lesser than India, China and the U.S. The production offshore concept used in India is tranformed to nearshore concept in Mexico because of the proximity to U.S. Mexico has the opportunity to become IT leader in Latinamerica if it increases the quality of higher education, English proficiency and it improves policies for the establishment of foreign investment.
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Name: 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society
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MLA Citation:

Baca Pumarejo, José. and Burguette Vela, Yuria. "A comparative view of the development of the IT industry in India and Mexico" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Fairmont Le Reine Elizabeth, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, Apr 30, 2011 <Not Available>. 2014-11-26 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p492953_index.html>

APA Citation:

Baca Pumarejo, J. R. and Burguette Vela, Y. d. , 2011-04-30 "A comparative view of the development of the IT industry in India and Mexico" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Fairmont Le Reine Elizabeth, Montreal, Quebec, Canada <Not Available>. 2014-11-26 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p492953_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: OBJECTIVES: Describe a comparative study of India's global leadership IT through the triple helix model, its policies and actions and the efforts of Mexico's federal government to replicate this sucessfull model, encouraging IT industry, through promoting higher education to achieve a human capital of high quality. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK In this article I use a process descriptive/comparative to make evident the conditions, variables and policies that made India the leader in the software industry globally. I refer to elements that take part in the triple helix model that unites on a common goal the government, the business sector and universities. I describe the functions of the software technology parks (STP), which are fundamental to the success of the model above. I also reflect about replicating the model to developing countries. Comparatively I refer to Mexico's efforts in this trend and it's illustrates how the model the triple helix is used. It also describes progress in the establishment of STP's along Mexico's geography, and describes how in a northeast state starts one of them, and how implements strategies that directly influence higher education, research and their quality. FINDINGS India improves its model through strengthening the quality software products, in order to confront China's competence. The high quality skills of Indian human capital as well as the high proficiency in English remains the main strength for its leadership in IT industry. In Mexico there is a lack of English proficiency and the amount of graduates in engineering is lesser than India, China and the U.S. The production offshore concept used in India is tranformed to nearshore concept in Mexico because of the proximity to U.S. Mexico has the opportunity to become IT leader in Latinamerica if it increases the quality of higher education, English proficiency and it improves policies for the establishment of foreign investment.


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