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Oscillating patterns in early childhood education: A policy analysis of the development of ECE in the United States, Japan, and India

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Abstract:

There has been a global expansion of early childhood education programs, reflecting a global trend focusing on the positive role of ECE as a mobilizing force for poor and marginalized groups. International organizations have developed a faith in ECE; promoting universal expansion through the World Convention of the Rights of Children, the Dakar Framework for Action and the 2015 Millennium Goals. Although research shows that ECE can have positive effects on improving children’s cognitive development, socio-emotional growth, school readiness and adult outcomes (Barnett, 1995; Magnuson & Waldfogel, 2005), a significant body of research suggests that unique socio-economic, political, cultural, and historical factors contribute to the effectiveness of these programs. Although, studies have looked at the increase in global enrolment in ECE (Wotipka & Sugawara, 2009) and in specific shifts in certain preschools in various countries (Tobin, Hsueh, & Karasawa, 2009), there are no studies that have looked at the influence of both global and local forces on the shifts in early childhood education over time. Using a vertical case study approach, I intend to conduct an analysis of ECE policy in The United States, Japan, and India over the time period (1985-2010). This study will shed light on the influence of global and local forces on ECE policy development, and will help demonstrate how different, cultural, political, economic, and social factors contribute to national receptiveness to global trends.
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Association:
Name: 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society
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http://www.cies.us


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URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p493124_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Hill, Robin. "Oscillating patterns in early childhood education: A policy analysis of the development of ECE in the United States, Japan, and India" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Fairmont Le Reine Elizabeth, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, <Not Available>. 2014-11-26 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p493124_index.html>

APA Citation:

Hill, R. "Oscillating patterns in early childhood education: A policy analysis of the development of ECE in the United States, Japan, and India" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Fairmont Le Reine Elizabeth, Montreal, Quebec, Canada <Not Available>. 2014-11-26 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p493124_index.html

Publication Type: Panel Paper
Abstract: There has been a global expansion of early childhood education programs, reflecting a global trend focusing on the positive role of ECE as a mobilizing force for poor and marginalized groups. International organizations have developed a faith in ECE; promoting universal expansion through the World Convention of the Rights of Children, the Dakar Framework for Action and the 2015 Millennium Goals. Although research shows that ECE can have positive effects on improving children’s cognitive development, socio-emotional growth, school readiness and adult outcomes (Barnett, 1995; Magnuson & Waldfogel, 2005), a significant body of research suggests that unique socio-economic, political, cultural, and historical factors contribute to the effectiveness of these programs. Although, studies have looked at the increase in global enrolment in ECE (Wotipka & Sugawara, 2009) and in specific shifts in certain preschools in various countries (Tobin, Hsueh, & Karasawa, 2009), there are no studies that have looked at the influence of both global and local forces on the shifts in early childhood education over time. Using a vertical case study approach, I intend to conduct an analysis of ECE policy in The United States, Japan, and India over the time period (1985-2010). This study will shed light on the influence of global and local forces on ECE policy development, and will help demonstrate how different, cultural, political, economic, and social factors contribute to national receptiveness to global trends.


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