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Liberation and socialist Hungarian kindergarten education: Ideology, indoctrination, or emancipation?

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Abstract:

The creation of productive agents of positive change through education is an old and well-established goal that has appeared in many societies and in different forms, such as in the socialist education project in Hungary with the aim to build a modern nation. In this paper I argue that the socialist education system was set up to aid the modernizing of a nation in a particular way and in a historical and political context in which leaving behind aspects of the past and starting a new chapter in Hungarian history was the only way forward. Thus, the aim was to produce modern citizens through civic education delivered by highly trained teachers to re-base conduct from conservative-religious grounds to a kind of socialist participatory citizenship based on community. I demonstrate in this paper, by re-examining the socialist kindergarten education system and curriculum with the use of a Foucauldian historical analysis, the ways in which particular civic habits, behavior and morals were formed as part of this nation-building and modernizing project. With transition and the arrival of neo-liberalism, this kind of education was discarded and understood as merely ideological and thus without value. Civic education as it was known under socialism was abandoned and replaced by a different kind of civic education that strives for participatory democracy based on a neo-liberal logic. This neo-liberal logic reshaped ideas of community and became disempowering through individualizing many aspects of the kindergarten education system in post-transition Hungary.
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Association:
Name: 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society
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http://www.cies.us


Citation:
URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p493386_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Millei, Zsuzsa. and Imre, Robert. "Liberation and socialist Hungarian kindergarten education: Ideology, indoctrination, or emancipation?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Fairmont Le Reine Elizabeth, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, <Not Available>. 2014-11-26 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p493386_index.html>

APA Citation:

Millei, Z. and Imre, R. "Liberation and socialist Hungarian kindergarten education: Ideology, indoctrination, or emancipation?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Fairmont Le Reine Elizabeth, Montreal, Quebec, Canada <Not Available>. 2014-11-26 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p493386_index.html

Publication Type: Panel Paper
Abstract: The creation of productive agents of positive change through education is an old and well-established goal that has appeared in many societies and in different forms, such as in the socialist education project in Hungary with the aim to build a modern nation. In this paper I argue that the socialist education system was set up to aid the modernizing of a nation in a particular way and in a historical and political context in which leaving behind aspects of the past and starting a new chapter in Hungarian history was the only way forward. Thus, the aim was to produce modern citizens through civic education delivered by highly trained teachers to re-base conduct from conservative-religious grounds to a kind of socialist participatory citizenship based on community. I demonstrate in this paper, by re-examining the socialist kindergarten education system and curriculum with the use of a Foucauldian historical analysis, the ways in which particular civic habits, behavior and morals were formed as part of this nation-building and modernizing project. With transition and the arrival of neo-liberalism, this kind of education was discarded and understood as merely ideological and thus without value. Civic education as it was known under socialism was abandoned and replaced by a different kind of civic education that strives for participatory democracy based on a neo-liberal logic. This neo-liberal logic reshaped ideas of community and became disempowering through individualizing many aspects of the kindergarten education system in post-transition Hungary.


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Education for Liberation - Fighting Bourgeois Ideology in Higher Education

Teacher Education Reform and NCATE: The Ideological Debate over Teacher Education Reform

Neo-liberalism, Social Justice, and Gender in Japanese and British Higher Education: Some Implication for the US Higher Education


 
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