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School guidance in Japanese Schools: Balancing the old and new in the midst of social change

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Abstract:

Since the collapse of the economic bubble in the 1990’s, Japanese schools have been challenged to respond to extensive changes in the students and communities they serve. Expanding disparities between high and low achieving pupils and the growing numbers of students with special needs has complicated the work of teachers, especially in the area of school guidance. Japanese educators are struggling to adjust established practices to fit a generation of students who differ markedly from their predecessors. Complicating this situation has been a shift in the Ministry of Education’s policies related to school guidance.

The changes to school guidance in the early 21st century parallel equally far-reaching changes that occurred in the mid 1980’s. At that time concerns over rising rates of delinquency and a new generation of students stimulated the development of a comprehensive system of lifestyle guidance in the schools. This paper, which draws from ethnographic fieldwork conducted in elementary and junior high schools over the past six years, will focus on the effects of changes to the guidance system on classroom organization, student behavior, and teacher responsibilities at these two different times. It will provide valuable insights into the transformation of contemporary youth cultures in Japan as well as the government’s ability to reform public institutions in response to rapid changes in society over the span of nearly thirty years.
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Association:
Name: 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society
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http://www.cies.us


Citation:
URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p493516_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Fukuzawa, Rebecca. "School guidance in Japanese Schools: Balancing the old and new in the midst of social change" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Fairmont Le Reine Elizabeth, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, <Not Available>. 2014-11-26 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p493516_index.html>

APA Citation:

Fukuzawa, R. "School guidance in Japanese Schools: Balancing the old and new in the midst of social change" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Fairmont Le Reine Elizabeth, Montreal, Quebec, Canada <Not Available>. 2014-11-26 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p493516_index.html

Publication Type: Panel Paper
Abstract: Since the collapse of the economic bubble in the 1990’s, Japanese schools have been challenged to respond to extensive changes in the students and communities they serve. Expanding disparities between high and low achieving pupils and the growing numbers of students with special needs has complicated the work of teachers, especially in the area of school guidance. Japanese educators are struggling to adjust established practices to fit a generation of students who differ markedly from their predecessors. Complicating this situation has been a shift in the Ministry of Education’s policies related to school guidance.

The changes to school guidance in the early 21st century parallel equally far-reaching changes that occurred in the mid 1980’s. At that time concerns over rising rates of delinquency and a new generation of students stimulated the development of a comprehensive system of lifestyle guidance in the schools. This paper, which draws from ethnographic fieldwork conducted in elementary and junior high schools over the past six years, will focus on the effects of changes to the guidance system on classroom organization, student behavior, and teacher responsibilities at these two different times. It will provide valuable insights into the transformation of contemporary youth cultures in Japan as well as the government’s ability to reform public institutions in response to rapid changes in society over the span of nearly thirty years.


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