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Factors affecting college access and stratification in college access: A cross-national comparison

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Abstract:

Unprecedented massive expansion of opportunities for higher education is a remarkable global trend. There are two main issues associated with the expansion of higher education: college access and stratification. These two issues are the central thrust of this paper. Specifically, this paper intends to (1) provide factors affecting college access, (2) show a overall picture of target countries – all of them are developed countries due to data availability – focusing on academic preparation and financial affordability, (3) discuss underlying reasons of inevitable stratification in access to higher education, and (4) discuss who actually goes to college, i.e., who is prepared and can afford it, synthesizing existing studies on stratification for empirical support. This paper theoretically relies on three frameworks: (1) the college-choice process of Hossler, Braxton, and Coopersmith (1989) consisting of three elements (predispositions, searches, and choices), (2) the idea of capital including social and cultural capital Bourdieu (1984) describes, and (3) reproduction presented by Bourdieu and Passeron (1970) arguing that school systems function as reproducing and legitimating social inequality. This paper is a cross-national comparison study synthesizing the findings of existing studies. In sum, factors affecting college access can be categorized into two dimensions: (1) individual and institutional (contextual) factors and (2) human, social, and cultural capital. Therefore, college access is considered the outcome of a multi-dimensional process. Additionally, stratification in college access is inevitable, i.e., college access is not impartial and independent of social/economic origin, particularly because preparation for college access is an accumulative process starting at an earlier age.
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Association:
Name: 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society
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http://www.cies.us


Citation:
URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p493771_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Lee, Jeongwoo. "Factors affecting college access and stratification in college access: A cross-national comparison" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Fairmont Le Reine Elizabeth, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, May 01, 2011 <Not Available>. 2014-11-26 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p493771_index.html>

APA Citation:

Lee, J. , 2011-05-01 "Factors affecting college access and stratification in college access: A cross-national comparison" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Fairmont Le Reine Elizabeth, Montreal, Quebec, Canada <Not Available>. 2014-11-26 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p493771_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Unprecedented massive expansion of opportunities for higher education is a remarkable global trend. There are two main issues associated with the expansion of higher education: college access and stratification. These two issues are the central thrust of this paper. Specifically, this paper intends to (1) provide factors affecting college access, (2) show a overall picture of target countries – all of them are developed countries due to data availability – focusing on academic preparation and financial affordability, (3) discuss underlying reasons of inevitable stratification in access to higher education, and (4) discuss who actually goes to college, i.e., who is prepared and can afford it, synthesizing existing studies on stratification for empirical support. This paper theoretically relies on three frameworks: (1) the college-choice process of Hossler, Braxton, and Coopersmith (1989) consisting of three elements (predispositions, searches, and choices), (2) the idea of capital including social and cultural capital Bourdieu (1984) describes, and (3) reproduction presented by Bourdieu and Passeron (1970) arguing that school systems function as reproducing and legitimating social inequality. This paper is a cross-national comparison study synthesizing the findings of existing studies. In sum, factors affecting college access can be categorized into two dimensions: (1) individual and institutional (contextual) factors and (2) human, social, and cultural capital. Therefore, college access is considered the outcome of a multi-dimensional process. Additionally, stratification in college access is inevitable, i.e., college access is not impartial and independent of social/economic origin, particularly because preparation for college access is an accumulative process starting at an earlier age.


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