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Closing the gap between education and society through outdoor-oriented education: Comparing education in the United States and India

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Abstract:

The purpose of this study is to examine the interrelationship between education and society during the 20th century. It follows the developmental trends of educational policy within a social context in the light of the social, economic, and political factors of national identity. The examination focuses on the historical development, educational goals and procedures, and philosophical background of outdoor-oriented education in socially different countries. Accordingly, this study compares outdoor-oriented education in the United States and India particularly from the standpoint of work and activity education. The overall aim of this study is to demonstrate the existence of fundamental social and educational policies, patterns, and trends. A historico-hermeneutical approach is applied in the comparative educational method.
During the 20th century extensive social changes have taken place in the countries dealt with here. These changes, caused by complex dialectal dynamics relating to the social, economic, and political structure, have also influenced outdoor-oriented education. The results indicate that school-centered and society-centered patterns of outdoor-oriented education alternate with one another. The development has progressed towards the school-centered pattern of outdoor-oriented education which emphasizes intellectual goals and school-centered procedures.
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Association:
Name: 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society
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http://www.cies.us


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URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p493822_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Kimonen, Eija. and Nevalainen, Raimo. "Closing the gap between education and society through outdoor-oriented education: Comparing education in the United States and India" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Fairmont Le Reine Elizabeth, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, May 01, 2011 <Not Available>. 2014-11-26 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p493822_index.html>

APA Citation:

Kimonen, E. and Nevalainen, R. S. , 2011-05-01 "Closing the gap between education and society through outdoor-oriented education: Comparing education in the United States and India" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Fairmont Le Reine Elizabeth, Montreal, Quebec, Canada <Not Available>. 2014-11-26 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p493822_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The purpose of this study is to examine the interrelationship between education and society during the 20th century. It follows the developmental trends of educational policy within a social context in the light of the social, economic, and political factors of national identity. The examination focuses on the historical development, educational goals and procedures, and philosophical background of outdoor-oriented education in socially different countries. Accordingly, this study compares outdoor-oriented education in the United States and India particularly from the standpoint of work and activity education. The overall aim of this study is to demonstrate the existence of fundamental social and educational policies, patterns, and trends. A historico-hermeneutical approach is applied in the comparative educational method.
During the 20th century extensive social changes have taken place in the countries dealt with here. These changes, caused by complex dialectal dynamics relating to the social, economic, and political structure, have also influenced outdoor-oriented education. The results indicate that school-centered and society-centered patterns of outdoor-oriented education alternate with one another. The development has progressed towards the school-centered pattern of outdoor-oriented education which emphasizes intellectual goals and school-centered procedures.


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