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VET versus general education in Vietnam: Demand based perspective

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Abstract:

Since 1986, the Vietnamese government has implemented "Doi Moi" economic reform of the country, from centrally-planned to market-oriented. After transition, Vietnam adapted a new education system, in total there are seven levels of education and vocational education and training (VET) system transferred from two types into three types. There is a significant increase in school enrollment. Education rate of return has been significantly increased. This study investigates each household education choice over education by parents' characteristic (education level and occupation) during 1998s. Coefficient estimates of the OLS estimation of the classical model could suffer from "self-selection bias". When the individual's background and ability control his/her education attainment, the individual is said to be "self-selected" into that particular education. To what extend do family factors influence individual's choice between vocational training and general education? The probit estimation for this research is used as follow: Pi* = ß0 + ß1faedui + ß2moedui + ß3bluei + ß4whitei + ß5northi + ß6southi + u i i = 1, 2, 3, …, n where faedu and maedu refer to the dummies of parents education level higher than grade 5. Blue and white are the dummies that refer to father's occupation as blue collar work and white collar work. North and south are the geographic dummy variables. I is ith observation. U is residual. Dependent viable P takes a value of 1 if the individual's choice of vocational education training, and 0 if the individual's choice of general education, both at secondary level. Overall, this probit models estimation shows that while vocational education takes higher rate of return and been advocated by Vietnam government as a crucial provider of skills for the industrialization, vocational education itself has becoming less popular among younger generations.
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Name: 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society
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http://www.cies.us


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URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p493963_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Zhao, Haoyi. "VET versus general education in Vietnam: Demand based perspective" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Fairmont Le Reine Elizabeth, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, Apr 30, 2011 <Not Available>. 2014-11-26 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p493963_index.html>

APA Citation:

Zhao, H. , 2011-04-30 "VET versus general education in Vietnam: Demand based perspective" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Fairmont Le Reine Elizabeth, Montreal, Quebec, Canada <Not Available>. 2014-11-26 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p493963_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Since 1986, the Vietnamese government has implemented "Doi Moi" economic reform of the country, from centrally-planned to market-oriented. After transition, Vietnam adapted a new education system, in total there are seven levels of education and vocational education and training (VET) system transferred from two types into three types. There is a significant increase in school enrollment. Education rate of return has been significantly increased. This study investigates each household education choice over education by parents' characteristic (education level and occupation) during 1998s. Coefficient estimates of the OLS estimation of the classical model could suffer from "self-selection bias". When the individual's background and ability control his/her education attainment, the individual is said to be "self-selected" into that particular education. To what extend do family factors influence individual's choice between vocational training and general education? The probit estimation for this research is used as follow: Pi* = ß0 + ß1faedui + ß2moedui + ß3bluei + ß4whitei + ß5northi + ß6southi + u i i = 1, 2, 3, …, n where faedu and maedu refer to the dummies of parents education level higher than grade 5. Blue and white are the dummies that refer to father's occupation as blue collar work and white collar work. North and south are the geographic dummy variables. I is ith observation. U is residual. Dependent viable P takes a value of 1 if the individual's choice of vocational education training, and 0 if the individual's choice of general education, both at secondary level. Overall, this probit models estimation shows that while vocational education takes higher rate of return and been advocated by Vietnam government as a crucial provider of skills for the industrialization, vocational education itself has becoming less popular among younger generations.


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