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Corporatizing higher education in Taiwan: Problem faced

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Abstract:

Since the middle 1980s, in the face of speedy social changes, political liberation, rapid economic growth, transformation in industrial structure, and diversification of values, the aims and functions of higher education in Taiwan have been facing many new challenges. To ensure that development of higher education can adapt to the needs of diverse social-economical development and severe global competitiveness, the government is eagerly to seek new breakthroughs, that is the policy of corporatization of public universities in Taiwan. The issue of corporatizing public universities was first raised in 1986 during student demonstrations. Ten years later, the Education Reform Council in its 1996 final report also argued for the corporatization of public universities. At first, the corporate demands were for democracy and academic freedom, but along with the vast impact of neo-liberalism on higher education, scholars started to have doubts about the purposes and necessity of this policy which legitimately accelerate universiiesy as corporations that have theirs own autonomy of finance, personnel, and funding. This paper, from critical pedagogy perspectives, argues that seeming results will be the meaning of university autonomy replaced by market vocabulary, the subjectivity of teachers weakened, the concept of students distorted as customers, the implementation of curriculum and teaching directed toward workplace employment and therefore commercializatio, and the freedom of research projects controlled more and more by evaluation schemes whose criteria are narrowly concentrated on utility or application. This paper claims that the aims for democracy and humanization should be cherished by universities, the subjectivity of university faculty and students has to be maintained, the long-term influence of curriculum and teaching by the corporatization policy needs to be carefully evaluated, and the dangers which threaten academic research caused by market logic must be critically recognized.

Author's Keywords:

neo-liberalism
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Association:
Name: 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society
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http://www.cies.us


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URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p493973_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Lee, Feng-Jihu. "Corporatizing higher education in Taiwan: Problem faced" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Fairmont Le Reine Elizabeth, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, Apr 30, 2011 <Not Available>. 2014-11-26 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p493973_index.html>

APA Citation:

Lee, F. , 2011-04-30 "Corporatizing higher education in Taiwan: Problem faced" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Fairmont Le Reine Elizabeth, Montreal, Quebec, Canada <Not Available>. 2014-11-26 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p493973_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Since the middle 1980s, in the face of speedy social changes, political liberation, rapid economic growth, transformation in industrial structure, and diversification of values, the aims and functions of higher education in Taiwan have been facing many new challenges. To ensure that development of higher education can adapt to the needs of diverse social-economical development and severe global competitiveness, the government is eagerly to seek new breakthroughs, that is the policy of corporatization of public universities in Taiwan. The issue of corporatizing public universities was first raised in 1986 during student demonstrations. Ten years later, the Education Reform Council in its 1996 final report also argued for the corporatization of public universities. At first, the corporate demands were for democracy and academic freedom, but along with the vast impact of neo-liberalism on higher education, scholars started to have doubts about the purposes and necessity of this policy which legitimately accelerate universiiesy as corporations that have theirs own autonomy of finance, personnel, and funding. This paper, from critical pedagogy perspectives, argues that seeming results will be the meaning of university autonomy replaced by market vocabulary, the subjectivity of teachers weakened, the concept of students distorted as customers, the implementation of curriculum and teaching directed toward workplace employment and therefore commercializatio, and the freedom of research projects controlled more and more by evaluation schemes whose criteria are narrowly concentrated on utility or application. This paper claims that the aims for democracy and humanization should be cherished by universities, the subjectivity of university faculty and students has to be maintained, the long-term influence of curriculum and teaching by the corporatization policy needs to be carefully evaluated, and the dangers which threaten academic research caused by market logic must be critically recognized.


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