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Neoliberalism, education policy and the right to the city in globalizing India

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Abstract:

Two decades of neoliberal policies of the Indian state have led to a serious decline in the agrarian and industrial manufacturing sectors of the economy. The growth of the information technology sector and outsourcing economy in information related services has spurred unexpected demand for school and post-secondary education. It is in this context that schools and post-secondary institutions have become a hugely profitable enterprise and has led to rapid expansion of the private sector in education. My paper maps the socio-spatial growth of private education in the city and region of Hyderabad, one of the primary hubs of the information technology sector in India, to analyze how the business of education creates new virtual borders and divisions that reconfigure the city, its neighborhoods and communities that represent new zones of exclusion. My study shows how the restructuring of the city through new modes of education planning and investment are integral to new forms of capital accumulation that are characteristic of predatory globalization. The result is stark levels of regional differentiation where the capital city and neighboring provincial towns are more developed and well integrated into the global economy while other parts of the state remain severely underdeveloped and impoverished. The polarization of the state that is both geographical and social has produced new struggles centered around education and development rights. In particular, I discuss the resurgence of militant student activism in the region that is complex and contradictory in its response to neoliberal globalization.

Author's Keywords:

Neoliberalism, India
Convention
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Association:
Name: 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society
URL:
http://www.cies.us


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URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p494025_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Kamat, Sangeeta. "Neoliberalism, education policy and the right to the city in globalizing India" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Fairmont Le Reine Elizabeth, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, <Not Available>. 2014-11-26 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p494025_index.html>

APA Citation:

Kamat, S. "Neoliberalism, education policy and the right to the city in globalizing India" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Fairmont Le Reine Elizabeth, Montreal, Quebec, Canada <Not Available>. 2014-11-26 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p494025_index.html

Publication Type: Panel Paper
Abstract: Two decades of neoliberal policies of the Indian state have led to a serious decline in the agrarian and industrial manufacturing sectors of the economy. The growth of the information technology sector and outsourcing economy in information related services has spurred unexpected demand for school and post-secondary education. It is in this context that schools and post-secondary institutions have become a hugely profitable enterprise and has led to rapid expansion of the private sector in education. My paper maps the socio-spatial growth of private education in the city and region of Hyderabad, one of the primary hubs of the information technology sector in India, to analyze how the business of education creates new virtual borders and divisions that reconfigure the city, its neighborhoods and communities that represent new zones of exclusion. My study shows how the restructuring of the city through new modes of education planning and investment are integral to new forms of capital accumulation that are characteristic of predatory globalization. The result is stark levels of regional differentiation where the capital city and neighboring provincial towns are more developed and well integrated into the global economy while other parts of the state remain severely underdeveloped and impoverished. The polarization of the state that is both geographical and social has produced new struggles centered around education and development rights. In particular, I discuss the resurgence of militant student activism in the region that is complex and contradictory in its response to neoliberal globalization.


Similar Titles:
The role of teachers and textbooks in human rights education in the global South: Evidence from India

Education policy, neoliberalism and urban struggles: Producing Hyderabad as a ‘global city’

Nation-building, Globalization and the Parameters of Afrikan Global Education: Establishing a Pan-Afrikan Educational Policy Agenda for the 21rst Century


 
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