Citation

Benchmarks in higher education outputs: Comparing graduates’ levels and fields of education worldwide

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Abstract:

Globally, enrolment in higher education has expanded at an unprecedented rate over the past three decades. This has increased the supply of highly skilled workers in the labour market as well as the average number of educated citizens. This paper attempts to measure and compare the supply of higher education graduates in individual countries and regions, using a set of internationally comparable standards and indicators. The data used in this study come from the UNESCO Institute for Statistics and Demographic and Health Surveys. The preliminary analysis has shown high levels of gross completion rates of first-degree tertiary education in countries in Europe and North America, and the lowest rates in Sub-Saharan Africa. By comparison, a higher disparity in completion rates among countries is found in the Arab States and East Asia and the Pacific. In certain world regions, the adult population having attained tertiary education is low, however their flows of new tertiary graduates are high; therefore these societies are expected to quickly accumulate highly skilled people. Generally, women have benefited from the expansion of access to higher education. However, although gender balance has been reached at the first tertiary degree level, women still do not attain advanced degrees in as high numbers as their male counterparts. Fields of study that produce the most graduates vary between countries. The presentation will further elaborate on these and other findings, as well as their implications on research and policy on the supply of highly skilled individuals to the society.

Author's Keywords:

graduates, field of study
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Association:
Name: 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society
URL:
http://www.cies.us


Citation:
URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p494181_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Chien, Chiao-Ling. "Benchmarks in higher education outputs: Comparing graduates’ levels and fields of education worldwide" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Fairmont Le Reine Elizabeth, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, <Not Available>. 2014-11-26 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p494181_index.html>

APA Citation:

Chien, C. "Benchmarks in higher education outputs: Comparing graduates’ levels and fields of education worldwide" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Fairmont Le Reine Elizabeth, Montreal, Quebec, Canada <Not Available>. 2014-11-26 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p494181_index.html

Publication Type: Panel Paper
Abstract: Globally, enrolment in higher education has expanded at an unprecedented rate over the past three decades. This has increased the supply of highly skilled workers in the labour market as well as the average number of educated citizens. This paper attempts to measure and compare the supply of higher education graduates in individual countries and regions, using a set of internationally comparable standards and indicators. The data used in this study come from the UNESCO Institute for Statistics and Demographic and Health Surveys. The preliminary analysis has shown high levels of gross completion rates of first-degree tertiary education in countries in Europe and North America, and the lowest rates in Sub-Saharan Africa. By comparison, a higher disparity in completion rates among countries is found in the Arab States and East Asia and the Pacific. In certain world regions, the adult population having attained tertiary education is low, however their flows of new tertiary graduates are high; therefore these societies are expected to quickly accumulate highly skilled people. Generally, women have benefited from the expansion of access to higher education. However, although gender balance has been reached at the first tertiary degree level, women still do not attain advanced degrees in as high numbers as their male counterparts. Fields of study that produce the most graduates vary between countries. The presentation will further elaborate on these and other findings, as well as their implications on research and policy on the supply of highly skilled individuals to the society.


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