Citation

Indigenous language in education in Canada: Risk and protective factors

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Abstract:

Canada is home to 60 different Indigenous language groups, all of which are at risk of extinction within this century as a result of colonialist language planning and policies that have actively opposed or neglected these languages. Over the past decade, national government offices for Canadian heritage and Aboriginal affairs have recommended policies and funding programs for sustaining Indigenous languages. There has been some movement in the education sector to include some Indigenous language in schools both as a subject and a medium of instruction. Indigenous communities are seeking ways to ensure the intergenerational transmission of Indigenous languages. Across these sectors, the most progress has been made in implementing Indigenous language programs in early childhood, including language nests, heritage language based and bilingual preschools. At the same time, there are troubling discourses in the education sector that constructs Indigenous language early childhood programs as an added risk factor contributing to persisting low rates of educational engagement, literacy, and years of completion among Indigenous students as a whole. This presentation provides an overview of the current status of Indigenous language-in-education developments in Canada, describing promising practices, persisting challenges, and early indicators of success in some community-led innovations.

Author's Keywords:

Mother-tongue Based, Multilingual Education
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Association:
Name: 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society
URL:
http://www.cies.us


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URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p494215_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Ball, Jessica. "Indigenous language in education in Canada: Risk and protective factors" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Fairmont Le Reine Elizabeth, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, Apr 30, 2011 <Not Available>. 2014-11-26 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p494215_index.html>

APA Citation:

Ball, J. , 2011-04-30 "Indigenous language in education in Canada: Risk and protective factors" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Fairmont Le Reine Elizabeth, Montreal, Quebec, Canada <Not Available>. 2014-11-26 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p494215_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Canada is home to 60 different Indigenous language groups, all of which are at risk of extinction within this century as a result of colonialist language planning and policies that have actively opposed or neglected these languages. Over the past decade, national government offices for Canadian heritage and Aboriginal affairs have recommended policies and funding programs for sustaining Indigenous languages. There has been some movement in the education sector to include some Indigenous language in schools both as a subject and a medium of instruction. Indigenous communities are seeking ways to ensure the intergenerational transmission of Indigenous languages. Across these sectors, the most progress has been made in implementing Indigenous language programs in early childhood, including language nests, heritage language based and bilingual preschools. At the same time, there are troubling discourses in the education sector that constructs Indigenous language early childhood programs as an added risk factor contributing to persisting low rates of educational engagement, literacy, and years of completion among Indigenous students as a whole. This presentation provides an overview of the current status of Indigenous language-in-education developments in Canada, describing promising practices, persisting challenges, and early indicators of success in some community-led innovations.


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