Citation

Exploring Organizational Court Culture on Case Disposition Time for Child Sexual Abuse Cases

Abstract | Word Stems | Keywords | Association | Citation | Similar Titles



Abstract:

This study builds upon the theory of local legal culture and the organizational analysis of criminal courts by exploring the relationship among several elements of criminal courts (management tools, legal culture, and institutional characteristics) and the timely administration of justice. We explore multiple facets of organizational court culture, such as the perspective of various stakeholders, that few studies have examined comprehensively and in-depth. We also consider whether these theories extend to understanding delays and court timeframes in particularly complex cases, such as those involving sexual crimes against children. Because justice processing in these cases is complicated by the developmental limitations and needs of child victim-witnesses and the infrequency of physical evidence of sexual abuse, these crimes are valuable tests of the theoretical model on case disposition time.

With funding from the Law and Social Science program of the National Science Foundation, the Crimes against Children Research Center and the National Center for State Courts are conducting a case study of three counties in Oregon to examine organizational court culture and case disposition time for child sexual abuse cases. This presentation will provide an overview of the research on court culture and case disposition time and report on the first phase of this research project. We compare the jurisdictional information on each county specific to case disposition. This includes relevant statutes, court rules, and case law; court-related organizational or management issues; and any specialized programs related to expedited processing. Next, we examine perspectives of key court professionals, including judges, court administrators, prosecutors, and defense attorneys in each county (N=50). This is important because court culture is comprised of the statutes and procedures as well as their implementation and perspectives of court professionals. The survey to court professionals included a) the Management Scale of the Trial Court Process Survey, b) the Calendar Management Procedures Scale of the Criminal Caseflow Management Assessment Instrument, and c) specific questions about disposition time for child sexual abuse cases. We examine the extent to which there is consistency regarding perspectives on court culture and case disposition time within each county and the extent to which management and procedures vary across counties. We also explore perceptions of the criminal processing of child sexual abuse cases such as whether these types of cases take longer to resolve and reasons for this.

Research on this topic is essential for developing comprehensive theoretical models to enhance the administration of justice. The results will help to identify a theoretical framework for understanding differences in case resolution time and improve guidelines for the administration of justice in these complex cases. By collecting data from key decision-makers in the court system, this study contributes to enhanced comprehension about the nuances of legal institutions and criminal processing.
Convention
Need a solution for abstract management? All Academic can help! Contact us today to find out how our system can help your annual meeting.
Submission - Custom fields, multiple submission types, tracks, audio visual, multiple upload formats, automatic conversion to pdf.Review - Peer Review, Bulk reviewer assignment, bulk emails, ranking, z-score statistics, and multiple worksheets!
Reports - Many standard and custom reports generated while you wait. Print programs with participant indexes, event grids, and more!Scheduling - Flexible and convenient grid scheduling within rooms and buildings. Conflict checking and advanced filtering.
Communication - Bulk email tools to help your administrators send reminders and responses. Use form letters, a message center, and much more!Management - Search tools, duplicate people management, editing tools, submission transfers, many tools to manage a variety of conference management headaches!
Click here for more information.

Association:
Name: The Law and Society Association
URL:
http://www.lawandsociety.org


Citation:
URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p495948_index.html
Direct Link:
HTML Code:

MLA Citation:

Walsh, Wendy. and Jones, Lisa. "Exploring Organizational Court Culture on Case Disposition Time for Child Sexual Abuse Cases" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Law and Society Association, Westin St. Francis Hotel, San Francisco, CA, May 30, 2011 <Not Available>. 2014-11-25 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p495948_index.html>

APA Citation:

Walsh, W. and Jones, L. , 2011-05-30 "Exploring Organizational Court Culture on Case Disposition Time for Child Sexual Abuse Cases" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Law and Society Association, Westin St. Francis Hotel, San Francisco, CA <Not Available>. 2014-11-25 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p495948_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This study builds upon the theory of local legal culture and the organizational analysis of criminal courts by exploring the relationship among several elements of criminal courts (management tools, legal culture, and institutional characteristics) and the timely administration of justice. We explore multiple facets of organizational court culture, such as the perspective of various stakeholders, that few studies have examined comprehensively and in-depth. We also consider whether these theories extend to understanding delays and court timeframes in particularly complex cases, such as those involving sexual crimes against children. Because justice processing in these cases is complicated by the developmental limitations and needs of child victim-witnesses and the infrequency of physical evidence of sexual abuse, these crimes are valuable tests of the theoretical model on case disposition time.

With funding from the Law and Social Science program of the National Science Foundation, the Crimes against Children Research Center and the National Center for State Courts are conducting a case study of three counties in Oregon to examine organizational court culture and case disposition time for child sexual abuse cases. This presentation will provide an overview of the research on court culture and case disposition time and report on the first phase of this research project. We compare the jurisdictional information on each county specific to case disposition. This includes relevant statutes, court rules, and case law; court-related organizational or management issues; and any specialized programs related to expedited processing. Next, we examine perspectives of key court professionals, including judges, court administrators, prosecutors, and defense attorneys in each county (N=50). This is important because court culture is comprised of the statutes and procedures as well as their implementation and perspectives of court professionals. The survey to court professionals included a) the Management Scale of the Trial Court Process Survey, b) the Calendar Management Procedures Scale of the Criminal Caseflow Management Assessment Instrument, and c) specific questions about disposition time for child sexual abuse cases. We examine the extent to which there is consistency regarding perspectives on court culture and case disposition time within each county and the extent to which management and procedures vary across counties. We also explore perceptions of the criminal processing of child sexual abuse cases such as whether these types of cases take longer to resolve and reasons for this.

Research on this topic is essential for developing comprehensive theoretical models to enhance the administration of justice. The results will help to identify a theoretical framework for understanding differences in case resolution time and improve guidelines for the administration of justice in these complex cases. By collecting data from key decision-makers in the court system, this study contributes to enhanced comprehension about the nuances of legal institutions and criminal processing.


Similar Titles:
Exploring Case Resolution Time for Child Sexual Abuse Cases in Three Counties

When I was a Child: Exploring the Effects of Child Sexual Abuse on Adult Survivors

Prosecuting Child Sexual Abuse: A Case Study of Victim, Family, Offender, Evidentiary, and Case Characteristics


 
All Academic, Inc. is your premier source for research and conference management. Visit our website, www.allacademic.com, to see how we can help you today.