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When Do Intergovernmental Organizations Promote Peace? How Time Conditions the Conflict-Reducing Effect of Intergovernmental Organizations

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Abstract:

This paper sheds new light on the conditions under which IGOs promote peace by examining when they reduce conflict among their member states. We explore three ways in which time matters. First, the effect of IGOs may depend on how long a country has been a member. Second, if IGOs exercise conditionality, their peace-inducing effects may begin before a country joins the organization. Third, as IGO’s age, they may increase their capacity to resolve conflicts and keep peace among members. We explore these hypotheses using a novel dataset with state-IGO-year as the unit of analysis. This methodological innovation offers important advantages over a dyadic framework, in which analysts typically sum the number of IGOs in which a dyad shares membership. Using a state-IGO-year framework instead allows us to assess the effect of particular IGO attributes—and the timing of these effects—on the likelihood of conflict among the organization’s members. Preliminary results indicate, first, that IGOs with high trade volume and high democratic density exhibit a strong “anticipatory effect,” reducing conflict in the five years prior to a country joining. Second, as IGOs age, the level of conflict among member states declines.
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Association:
Name: International Studies Association Annual Conference "Global Governance: Political Authority in Transition"
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http://www.isanet.org


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URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p498794_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Metzger, Shawna., Donno, Daniela. and Russett, Bruce. "When Do Intergovernmental Organizations Promote Peace? How Time Conditions the Conflict-Reducing Effect of Intergovernmental Organizations" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association Annual Conference "Global Governance: Political Authority in Transition", Le Centre Sheraton Montreal Hotel, MONTREAL, QUEBEC, CANADA, Mar 16, 2011 <Not Available>. 2014-11-26 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p498794_index.html>

APA Citation:

Metzger, S. , Donno, D. and Russett, B. M. , 2011-03-16 "When Do Intergovernmental Organizations Promote Peace? How Time Conditions the Conflict-Reducing Effect of Intergovernmental Organizations" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association Annual Conference "Global Governance: Political Authority in Transition", Le Centre Sheraton Montreal Hotel, MONTREAL, QUEBEC, CANADA <Not Available>. 2014-11-26 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p498794_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: This paper sheds new light on the conditions under which IGOs promote peace by examining when they reduce conflict among their member states. We explore three ways in which time matters. First, the effect of IGOs may depend on how long a country has been a member. Second, if IGOs exercise conditionality, their peace-inducing effects may begin before a country joins the organization. Third, as IGO’s age, they may increase their capacity to resolve conflicts and keep peace among members. We explore these hypotheses using a novel dataset with state-IGO-year as the unit of analysis. This methodological innovation offers important advantages over a dyadic framework, in which analysts typically sum the number of IGOs in which a dyad shares membership. Using a state-IGO-year framework instead allows us to assess the effect of particular IGO attributes—and the timing of these effects—on the likelihood of conflict among the organization’s members. Preliminary results indicate, first, that IGOs with high trade volume and high democratic density exhibit a strong “anticipatory effect,” reducing conflict in the five years prior to a country joining. Second, as IGOs age, the level of conflict among member states declines.


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