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Between Islamists and Global Civil Society: Understanding the Motivations behind the Transnationalization of the Moroccan Justice and Spirituality Movement

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Abstract:

The Moroccan Islamist movement Justice and Spirituality (JSM) is a bundle of contradictions: it is illegal and repressed but never uses violence; it is committed to democracy but rejects entering elections; and it aims to "Islamize modernity" but is critical of Orthodox Islam and hence is shunned by other Islamists. Recently, JSM has started to transnationalize its agenda by appealing to global civil society. Hence, I ask in this paper "Why is a domestic-oriented Islamist movement reaching for global civil society actors?" To answer this question, I will look into three venues where the JSM has gone transnational in its demands: (1) in publicizing the trials of its leaders, (2) its websites, and through (3) its civil society branches in Europe and in the US. I argue that Keck and Sikkink's (1998) advocacy networks theory can explain this strategy where "domestic groups, facing closed domestic institutions, make appeals to international institutions and transnational allies to pressure states to make appropriate policy changes." This development shows how an Islamist movement can enter a puzzling alliance with a West-dominated global civil society in order to support its bottom-up challenge to the nation-state through transnational channels from above.
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Association:
Name: International Studies Association Annual Conference "Global Governance: Political Authority in Transition"
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http://www.isanet.org


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URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p502073_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Kirdis, Esen. "Between Islamists and Global Civil Society: Understanding the Motivations behind the Transnationalization of the Moroccan Justice and Spirituality Movement" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association Annual Conference "Global Governance: Political Authority in Transition", Le Centre Sheraton Montreal Hotel, MONTREAL, QUEBEC, CANADA, Mar 16, 2011 <Not Available>. 2019-02-09 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p502073_index.html>

APA Citation:

Kirdis, E. , 2011-03-16 "Between Islamists and Global Civil Society: Understanding the Motivations behind the Transnationalization of the Moroccan Justice and Spirituality Movement" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association Annual Conference "Global Governance: Political Authority in Transition", Le Centre Sheraton Montreal Hotel, MONTREAL, QUEBEC, CANADA <Not Available>. 2019-02-09 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p502073_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: The Moroccan Islamist movement Justice and Spirituality (JSM) is a bundle of contradictions: it is illegal and repressed but never uses violence; it is committed to democracy but rejects entering elections; and it aims to "Islamize modernity" but is critical of Orthodox Islam and hence is shunned by other Islamists. Recently, JSM has started to transnationalize its agenda by appealing to global civil society. Hence, I ask in this paper "Why is a domestic-oriented Islamist movement reaching for global civil society actors?" To answer this question, I will look into three venues where the JSM has gone transnational in its demands: (1) in publicizing the trials of its leaders, (2) its websites, and through (3) its civil society branches in Europe and in the US. I argue that Keck and Sikkink's (1998) advocacy networks theory can explain this strategy where "domestic groups, facing closed domestic institutions, make appeals to international institutions and transnational allies to pressure states to make appropriate policy changes." This development shows how an Islamist movement can enter a puzzling alliance with a West-dominated global civil society in order to support its bottom-up challenge to the nation-state through transnational channels from above.


 
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