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Coercive Disarmament: Lessons from Iraq

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Abstract:

A general consensus exists among scholars that in order to stem WMD proliferation and foster rollback, motivations must be satisfied that have driven proliferation. If states proliferate because leaders seek security or prestige, or because powerful bureaucracies stand to gain, the United States must improve the regime’s security or its prestige, or provide offsets to those bureaucracies that would benefit from proliferation. The US approach, on the other hand, often seeks to exacerbate the target’s sense of insecurity, humiliate its leadership, and further divide its government. In short, the United States frequently pursues disarmament in exactly the ways that scholars suggest are bound to fail. In the case of Saddam’s Iraq, coercive disarmament succeeded. This paper focuses on why Iraq disarmed at a time when Iraqi security was plummeting in the face of increasing US enmity and Iranian power, all while Iraqi prestige suffered from humiliating UN inspections. Iraq’s disarmament refutes the notion that the factors leading to WMD reversal are the inverse of those causing proliferation, and demonstrates the need for theoretical refinements. This paper draws on three years of research that I conducted using captured Iraqi records at the Institute for Defense Analyses.
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Name: International Studies Association Annual Conference "Global Governance: Political Authority in Transition"
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MLA Citation:

Palkki, David. "Coercive Disarmament: Lessons from Iraq" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association Annual Conference "Global Governance: Political Authority in Transition", Le Centre Sheraton Montreal Hotel, MONTREAL, QUEBEC, CANADA, Mar 16, 2011 <Not Available>. 2014-09-14 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p502253_index.html>

APA Citation:

Palkki, D. D. , 2011-03-16 "Coercive Disarmament: Lessons from Iraq" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association Annual Conference "Global Governance: Political Authority in Transition", Le Centre Sheraton Montreal Hotel, MONTREAL, QUEBEC, CANADA <Not Available>. 2014-09-14 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p502253_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: A general consensus exists among scholars that in order to stem WMD proliferation and foster rollback, motivations must be satisfied that have driven proliferation. If states proliferate because leaders seek security or prestige, or because powerful bureaucracies stand to gain, the United States must improve the regime’s security or its prestige, or provide offsets to those bureaucracies that would benefit from proliferation. The US approach, on the other hand, often seeks to exacerbate the target’s sense of insecurity, humiliate its leadership, and further divide its government. In short, the United States frequently pursues disarmament in exactly the ways that scholars suggest are bound to fail. In the case of Saddam’s Iraq, coercive disarmament succeeded. This paper focuses on why Iraq disarmed at a time when Iraqi security was plummeting in the face of increasing US enmity and Iranian power, all while Iraqi prestige suffered from humiliating UN inspections. Iraq’s disarmament refutes the notion that the factors leading to WMD reversal are the inverse of those causing proliferation, and demonstrates the need for theoretical refinements. This paper draws on three years of research that I conducted using captured Iraqi records at the Institute for Defense Analyses.

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