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The discursive reproduction of Chinese and Japanese national identities: Editorials and opinions of the East China Sea dispute in the China Daily and Daily Yomiuri
Unformatted Document Text:  News, identity and ideology 11 newspapers were found. The first is the legality of the arrest of the Chinese captain and the second relates to the issue of sovereignty of the islands. Moreover, a recurrent macrostructure in the China Daily commentaries was the role and involvement of the US in undermining Sino-Japan relations; and the need for China and Japan to engage in dialogue to solve the sovereignty issue. For the Daily Yomiuri the macrostructures included the heavy-handed and unnecessary response of the Chinese government that lead to anti-Japanese nationalistic sentiments; and China’s use of its economic and political clout to coerce the Japanese government into releasing the captain. The subsequent analysis will follow the guidelines articulated by de Cillia et al. (1999) and van Dijk (1998) on how to examine the different strategies and levels of discourse in which media texts operate. Strategy is defined as “plans of actions with varying degrees of elaborateness, the realization of which can range from automatic to conscious, and which are located at different levels of our mental organization” (de Cillia et al. 1999, p. 160). Two macro-strategies that feature prominently in both newspapers are constructive strategies and perpetuation strategies. The former aims to establish and make salient one kind of national identity while the latter attempts to maintain and reproduce a national identity. How such strategies are put into practice through various lexical choices, presuppositions, implications, specificity of descriptions, degrees of coherence, syntax, and semantic moves, will be analyzed in the next section.

Authors: Chan, Michael.
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News, identity and ideology 11
newspapers were found. The first is the legality of the arrest of the Chinese captain and the 
second relates to the issue of sovereignty of the islands. Moreover, a recurrent macrostructure 
in the China Daily commentaries was the role and involvement of the US in undermining 
Sino-Japan relations; and the need for China and Japan to engage in dialogue to solve the 
sovereignty issue. For the Daily Yomiuri the macrostructures included the heavy-handed and 
unnecessary response of the Chinese government that lead to anti-Japanese nationalistic 
sentiments; and China’s use of its economic and political clout to coerce the Japanese 
government into releasing the captain. 
The subsequent analysis will follow the guidelines articulated by de Cillia et al. 
(1999) and van Dijk (1998) on how to examine the different strategies and levels of discourse 
in which media texts operate. Strategy is defined as “plans of actions with varying degrees of 
elaborateness, the realization of which can range from automatic to conscious, and which are 
located at different levels of our mental organization” (de Cillia et al. 1999, p. 160). Two 
macro-strategies that feature prominently in both newspapers are constructive strategies and 
perpetuation strategies. The former aims to establish and make salient one kind of national 
identity while the latter attempts to maintain and reproduce a national identity. How such 
strategies are put into practice through various lexical choices, presuppositions, implications, 
specificity of descriptions, degrees of coherence, syntax, and semantic moves, will be 
analyzed in the next section.

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