All Academic, Inc. Research Logo

Info/CitationFAQResearchAll Academic Inc.
Document

The discursive reproduction of Chinese and Japanese national identities: Editorials and opinions of the East China Sea dispute in the China Daily and Daily Yomiuri
Unformatted Document Text:  News, identity and ideology 3 Yomiuri editorial and opinion pages in the context of the East China Sea dispute. More specifically, I adopt the research question asked by de Cillia and colleagues (1999): “which discursive strategies and which linguistic devices are employed to construct national sameness and uniqueness on the one hand, and differences to other national collectives on the other hand?” (p. 149). Previous research has demonstrated that newspapers typically frame their international news coverage according to the prevailing ideology of the nation in which they are situated. For example, Parsons and Xiaoge’s (2001) comparative analysis of Chinese and American reporting on the 1999 Chinese Embassy bombing in Yugoslavia showed that the frames adopted by the newspapers closely mirrored the official discourses of the respective governments. Hutchenson et al. (2004) found that “national identity-affirming language” emphasizing American values and strength was frequently used by American journalists after the September 11 th terrorist attacks. Thus, ethnocentricity is the norm rather than the exception when reporting a conflict between the ‘home’ nation and an ‘opposing’ nation. This standpoint is succinctly summarized by Lee et al. (2001): The discursive binding of a national community shines at critical moments or around special occasions that function as a reference point and furnish rich repertoire of cultural symbols. As public theaters, the media rank among the key institutional venues for each national community to express its shared experiences and to disclose its underlying cultural and ideological premises (p. 346). Such a perspective of a ‘national community’ aligns with Anderson’s (1991) conception of the nation as a socially-constructed “imagined political community”. Essential in this construction he argued is the national media, which, through their discursive practices, give people who do not know each other a feeling they are members of the same community that shares a common history and purpose. Adopting the term ‘banal nationalism’ Billig (1995) further argues that newspapers reproduce the nation, its ideologies and identities, on a

Authors: Chan, Michael.
first   previous   Page 3 of 26   next   last



background image
News, identity and ideology 3
Yomiuri editorial and opinion pages in the context of the East China Sea dispute. More 
specifically, I adopt the research question asked by de Cillia and colleagues (1999): which 
discursive strategies and which linguistic devices are employed to construct national 
sameness and uniqueness on the one hand, and differences to other national collectives on the 
other hand?” (p. 149).
Previous research has demonstrated that newspapers typically frame their 
international news coverage according to the prevailing ideology of the nation in which they 
are situated. For example, Parsons and Xiaoge’s (2001) comparative analysis of Chinese and 
American reporting on the 1999 Chinese Embassy bombing in Yugoslavia showed that the 
frames adopted by the newspapers closely mirrored the official discourses of the respective 
governments. Hutchenson et al. (2004) found that “national identity-affirming language” 
emphasizing American values and strength was frequently used by American journalists after 
the September 11
th
 terrorist attacks. Thus, ethnocentricity is the norm rather than the 
exception when reporting a conflict between the ‘home’ nation and an ‘opposing’ nation. 
This standpoint is succinctly summarized by Lee et al. (2001):
The discursive binding of a national community shines at critical moments or 
around special occasions that function as a reference point and furnish rich 
repertoire of cultural symbols. As public theaters, the media rank among the 
key institutional venues for each national community to express its shared 
experiences and to disclose its underlying cultural and ideological premises 
(p. 346).
Such a perspective of a ‘national community’ aligns with Anderson’s (1991) 
conception of the nation as a socially-constructed “imagined political community”. Essential 
in this construction he argued is the national media, which, through their discursive practices, 
give people who do not know each other a feeling they are members of the same community 
that shares a common history and purpose. Adopting the term ‘banal nationalism’ Billig 
(1995) further argues that newspapers reproduce the nation, its ideologies and identities, on a 


Convention
Need a solution for abstract management? All Academic can help! Contact us today to find out how our system can help your annual meeting.
Submission - Custom fields, multiple submission types, tracks, audio visual, multiple upload formats, automatic conversion to pdf.
Review - Peer Review, Bulk reviewer assignment, bulk emails, ranking, z-score statistics, and multiple worksheets!
Reports - Many standard and custom reports generated while you wait. Print programs with participant indexes, event grids, and more!
Scheduling - Flexible and convenient grid scheduling within rooms and buildings. Conflict checking and advanced filtering.
Communication - Bulk email tools to help your administrators send reminders and responses. Use form letters, a message center, and much more!
Management - Search tools, duplicate people management, editing tools, submission transfers, many tools to manage a variety of conference management headaches!
Click here for more information.

first   previous   Page 3 of 26   next   last

©2012 All Academic, Inc.