Citation

The Influence of Scientific and Non-Scientific Evidence on Plea Decisions for Violent Crimes

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Abstract:

The study focused on the influence of scientific and non-scientific evidence on plea decisions for violent crimes. The relationship of various forms of evidence to plea decisions was examined through logistic regression analyses that controlled for the likelihood of a case being charged by prosecutors. Models included forensic and non-forensic evidence variables as well measures of attorney type, victim and suspect relationship and interactions between gender and race/ethnicity. Models were estimated for three violent crimes: homicide, rape and robbery.
Of the respective cases, rape had the highest percent of pleas (73.2%), followed by robbery (54.0%) and homicide (37.9%). Few variables predicted plea decisions across the three crimes. With regard to homicide, the greater the number of victims the less likely the case had a plea deal. In addition, cases in which the victim was a black male were less likely to have a plea. In terms of rape, the likelihood of a plea increased if the victim received medical treatment for her injuries. Finally, the likelihood of a plea increased for robbery cases if victims provided information to the police. For all three violent crimes, all forensic evidence measures were not related significantly to the decision to plea a case.
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Association:
Name: ASC Annual Meeting
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http://www.asc41.com


Citation:
URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p515091_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Baskin, Deborah. and Sommers, Ira. "The Influence of Scientific and Non-Scientific Evidence on Plea Decisions for Violent Crimes" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, Washington Hilton, Washington, DC, Nov 15, 2011 <Not Available>. 2014-11-25 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p515091_index.html>

APA Citation:

Baskin, D. and Sommers, I. , 2011-11-15 "The Influence of Scientific and Non-Scientific Evidence on Plea Decisions for Violent Crimes" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, Washington Hilton, Washington, DC <Not Available>. 2014-11-25 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p515091_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The study focused on the influence of scientific and non-scientific evidence on plea decisions for violent crimes. The relationship of various forms of evidence to plea decisions was examined through logistic regression analyses that controlled for the likelihood of a case being charged by prosecutors. Models included forensic and non-forensic evidence variables as well measures of attorney type, victim and suspect relationship and interactions between gender and race/ethnicity. Models were estimated for three violent crimes: homicide, rape and robbery.
Of the respective cases, rape had the highest percent of pleas (73.2%), followed by robbery (54.0%) and homicide (37.9%). Few variables predicted plea decisions across the three crimes. With regard to homicide, the greater the number of victims the less likely the case had a plea deal. In addition, cases in which the victim was a black male were less likely to have a plea. In terms of rape, the likelihood of a plea increased if the victim received medical treatment for her injuries. Finally, the likelihood of a plea increased for robbery cases if victims provided information to the police. For all three violent crimes, all forensic evidence measures were not related significantly to the decision to plea a case.


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