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Water Management, Electricity Supply, Railroads and Industrialization at the Göta Älv: The Dynamics of Systems that Integrate Various Societal Functions

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Abstract:

Today, systems integration can be regarded as a meta trend in formulating technological responses to the challenges that are posed by Sustainable Development. Integration of societal functions in new integrated technological systems is not new. It happened a century ago, when large scale hydropower stations made water management and electricity production interdependent. These interdependencies implied that previously unrelated actors had to interact. The paper will analyze this process for the introduction of large scale hydropower in Western Sweden. In 1910, a first large scale hydropower station was opened in the Göta Älv river at Trollhättan, Western Sweden. The location was ideal for hydropower production, as the Göta Älv was draining lake Vanern, which acted as a stabilizer for the river. Moreover, the hydropower station was close to the Gothenburg-Stockholm railway line, which was planned to be electrified. The new hydropower station generated access electricity, especially after a decision to postpone the electrification of the railway. Especially in the spring season, the access electricity was sold for low prices. This attracted industries that needed cheap electricity, and Trollhättan became a centre for metallurgical and electrochemical industry. The power plant owners wanted to regulate the Vänern lake to optimize power production, but this created conflicts with the interests of riparians, agriculture, river transport and fisheries. These conflicts lasted for decades, and were ultimately solved by a water court decision.
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Association:
Name: 4S Annual Meeting - Abstract and Session Submissions
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http://www.4sonline.org


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URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p517983_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Mulder, Karel. and Kaijser, Arne. "Water Management, Electricity Supply, Railroads and Industrialization at the Göta Älv: The Dynamics of Systems that Integrate Various Societal Functions" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 4S Annual Meeting - Abstract and Session Submissions, Crowne Plaza Cleveland City Center Hotel, Cleveland, OH, Nov 02, 2011 <Not Available>. 2014-11-25 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p517983_index.html>

APA Citation:

Mulder, K. and Kaijser, A. , 2011-11-02 "Water Management, Electricity Supply, Railroads and Industrialization at the Göta Älv: The Dynamics of Systems that Integrate Various Societal Functions" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 4S Annual Meeting - Abstract and Session Submissions, Crowne Plaza Cleveland City Center Hotel, Cleveland, OH <Not Available>. 2014-11-25 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p517983_index.html

Publication Type: Paper Abstract
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Today, systems integration can be regarded as a meta trend in formulating technological responses to the challenges that are posed by Sustainable Development. Integration of societal functions in new integrated technological systems is not new. It happened a century ago, when large scale hydropower stations made water management and electricity production interdependent. These interdependencies implied that previously unrelated actors had to interact. The paper will analyze this process for the introduction of large scale hydropower in Western Sweden. In 1910, a first large scale hydropower station was opened in the Göta Älv river at Trollhättan, Western Sweden. The location was ideal for hydropower production, as the Göta Älv was draining lake Vanern, which acted as a stabilizer for the river. Moreover, the hydropower station was close to the Gothenburg-Stockholm railway line, which was planned to be electrified. The new hydropower station generated access electricity, especially after a decision to postpone the electrification of the railway. Especially in the spring season, the access electricity was sold for low prices. This attracted industries that needed cheap electricity, and Trollhättan became a centre for metallurgical and electrochemical industry. The power plant owners wanted to regulate the Vänern lake to optimize power production, but this created conflicts with the interests of riparians, agriculture, river transport and fisheries. These conflicts lasted for decades, and were ultimately solved by a water court decision.


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