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The Emergence of Social Media & the Political Crisis in Pakistan
Unformatted Document Text:  Social media & political crisis in Pakistan 3 easily in the English language. The study argues that the popularity of social media among journalists and masses is not only changing journalism practices there but is becoming an influential medium to resist the government’s exclusive control over the information. Since Pakistan is a relatively under researched area, academic archives do not provide sufficient information on the role and emergence of new media in the country. Therefore, the study will be useful for future researchers seeking to investigate and compare social media practices and social change in developing countries. The concepts of social change and the Internet society are deeply rooted within the idea of globalization, so studying the role of the Internet in developing countries like Pakistan would be a step further toward evaluating the pace of globalization, and whether new information technologies have any role in the democratization of the developing region. For this paper, the researcher wants to acknowledge his role as an observer of media practices in Pakistan. As a Pakistani native, the researcher worked as a journalist for seven years. This experience proved useful in understanding and analyzing the deep-rooted problems of Pakistani media and journalists. Background Information In order to understand the role of social media in Pakistan, it is imperative to discuss the socio-cultural context of Pakistani media. The news media in Pakistan have a long history of resistance to the rulers before and after the inception of the modern country. The birth of the Pakistani press is “enmeshed in sub-continental journalism” (Al-Mujahid, 1982, pp. 159-166). Pakistani media scholars identified three principal strands of the press in colonial India—the Anglo-Indian press, the nationalist press, and the Muslim press (Ali & Gunaratne, 2000). The

Authors: Arif, Rauf.
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Social media & political crisis in Pakistan 3
easily in the English language. The study argues that the popularity of social media among 
journalists   and   masses   is   not   only   changing   journalism   practices   there   but   is   becoming   an 
influential medium to resist the government’s exclusive control over the information. 
Since Pakistan is a relatively under researched area, academic archives do not provide 
sufficient information on the role and emergence of new media in the country. Therefore, the 
study will be useful for future researchers seeking to investigate  and compare  social  media 
practices  and social change in developing countries. The concepts  of social change and the 
Internet society are deeply rooted within the idea of globalization, so studying the role of the 
Internet in developing countries like Pakistan would be a step further toward evaluating the pace 
of globalization, and whether new information technologies have any role in the democratization 
of the developing region. 
For this paper, the researcher wants to acknowledge his role as an observer of media 
practices in Pakistan. As a Pakistani native, the researcher worked as a journalist for seven years. 
This   experience   proved   useful   in   understanding   and   analyzing   the   deep-rooted   problems   of 
Pakistani media and journalists. 
Background Information
In order to understand the role of social media in Pakistan, it is imperative to discuss the 
socio-cultural context of Pakistani media. The news media in Pakistan have a long history of 
resistance to the rulers before and after the inception of the modern country.  The birth of the 
Pakistani press is “enmeshed in sub-continental journalism” (Al-Mujahid, 1982, pp. 159-166). 
Pakistani media scholars identified three principal strands of the press in colonial India—the 
Anglo-Indian press, the nationalist press, and the Muslim press (Ali & Gunaratne, 2000). The 

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