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Clash of coverage: An analysis of the cultural framing components of U.S. newspaper reporting on the 2011 protests in Bahrain
Unformatted Document Text:  Clash of Coverage 15 Addressing the second research question, source use in these stories was analyzed. More stories used protesters as sources (67.6 percent) than individuals supporting the government (52.9 percent). In fact, five more stories (out of 34 total stories) were published that used protesters as sources. This illustrates a possible lack of fairness within the news coverage of the conflict in Bahrain. A closer examination of source use made this imbalance more apparent. An analysis of the words quoted or paraphrased by both sides of the conflict (i.e. the protesters and individuals supporting the government) revealed substantially more words allotted for protesters. Nearly 900 more words were given to protesters. This pattern of bias toward the protesters was shared among all three publications. The New York Times, Los Angeles Times, and Washington Post all published more stories that used the protesters in Bahrain as sources than individuals who supported the government. The word allotment among these sources was more closely aligned with bias toward the protesters in the Los Angeles Times and Washington Post. Both of these newspapers gave more than 80 percent of the words they allotted to the sides in the conflict to protesters. The third research question sought to identify the frames used to shape these stories. Five frames were identified: slightly against the government of Bahrain, strongly against the government of Bahrain, strongly in favor of the government of Bahrain, slightly against the United States’ involvement in Bahrain, and slightly in favor of the United States’ involvement in Bahrain. Each of these frames was used at least once in the 34 news stories analyzed. The two frames that were against the government in Bahrain appeared in 38.2

Authors: Hoewe, Jennifer. and Bowe, Brian J..
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Clash of Coverage
Addressing the second research question, source use in these stories was 
analyzed. More stories used protesters as sources (67.6 percent) than individuals 
supporting the government (52.9 percent). In fact, five more stories (out of 34 total 
stories) were published that used protesters as sources. This illustrates a possible lack 
of fairness within the news coverage of the conflict in Bahrain.
A closer examination of source use made this imbalance more apparent. An 
analysis of the words quoted or paraphrased by both sides of the conflict (i.e. the 
protesters and individuals supporting the government) revealed substantially more 
words allotted for protesters. Nearly 900 more words were given to protesters.
This pattern of bias toward the protesters was shared among all three 
publications. The New York TimesLos Angeles Times, and Washington Post all 
published more stories that used the protesters in Bahrain as sources than individuals 
who supported the government. The word allotment among these sources was more 
closely aligned with bias toward the protesters in the Los Angeles Times and 
Washington Post. Both of these newspapers gave more than 80 percent of the words 
they allotted to the sides in the conflict to protesters.
The third research question sought to identify the frames used to shape these 
stories. Five frames were identified: slightly against the government of Bahrain, strongly 
against the government of Bahrain, strongly in favor of the government of Bahrain, 
slightly against the United States’ involvement in Bahrain, and slightly in favor of the 
United States’ involvement in Bahrain. Each of these frames was used at least once in 
the 34 news stories analyzed.
The two frames that were against the government in Bahrain appeared in 38.2 

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