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Clash of coverage: An analysis of the cultural framing components of U.S. newspaper reporting on the 2011 protests in Bahrain
Unformatted Document Text:  Clash of Coverage 5 While Bahrain is one of the most affluent of the Arab nations, a 2010 survey showed 45 percent of the youth population believed it was a bad time to find a job, and 33 percent believed that the largest barrier to finding employment was that good jobs are only given to people with connections (Silatech, 2010). According to a different 2010 survey, 41 percent of Bahraini adults in each region reported times in the previous year when they were unable to afford adequate housing for themselves or their families (Gallup, 2010). To combat that, the government announced it would provide $1 billion to tackle the housing problem. Despite that effort, many members of the Shia population began protesting in early 2011 to show their belief in the inadequacy of the monarchy’s contributions to its people. February 14, 2011 was the agreed upon date for the Bahraini protesters to show their dislike for the work of the monarchy and the government. Four days later, five people were killed by police in a raid of the protests in Bahrain’s Pearl Square. Currently, Freedom House ranks Bahrain “Not Free” on both its Freedom of the Press and Freedom in the World indexes (Freedom House, 2010b, 2010c). Clash of Civilizations and the Cultural Framing Hypothesis First introduced in a 1993 Foreign Affairs article, Huntington’s clash of civilizations paradigm continues to be used as a framework for the description of post- Cold War global conflict. In that article, Huntington (1993a) posited that religion, history, language, and tradition differentiate civilizations from one another, creating deep divisions that were of increasing importance in the post-Cold War world. He further

Authors: Hoewe, Jennifer. and Bowe, Brian J..
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Clash of Coverage
5
While Bahrain is one of the most affluent of the Arab nations, a 2010 survey 
showed 45 percent of the youth population believed it was a bad time to find a job, and 
33 percent believed that the largest barrier to finding employment was that good jobs 
are only given to people with connections (Silatech, 2010). According to a different 2010 
survey, 41 percent of Bahraini adults in each region reported times in the previous year 
when they were unable to afford adequate housing for themselves or their families 
(Gallup, 2010). To combat that, the government announced it would provide $1 billion to 
tackle the housing problem.
Despite that effort, many members of the Shia population began protesting in 
early 2011 to show their belief in the inadequacy of the monarchy’s contributions to its 
people. February 14, 2011 was the agreed upon date for the Bahraini protesters to 
show their dislike for the work of the monarchy and the government. Four days later, 
five people were killed by police in a raid of the protests in Bahrain’s Pearl Square.
Currently, Freedom House ranks Bahrain “Not Free” on both its Freedom of the 
Press and Freedom in the World indexes (Freedom House, 2010b, 2010c). 
Clash of Civilizations and the Cultural Framing Hypothesis
First introduced in a 1993 Foreign Affairs article, Huntington’s clash of 
civilizations paradigm continues to be used as a framework for the description of post-
Cold War global conflict. In that article, Huntington (1993a) posited that religion, history, 
language, and tradition differentiate civilizations from one another, creating deep 
divisions that were of increasing importance in the post-Cold War world. He further 


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