All Academic, Inc. Research Logo

Info/CitationFAQResearchAll Academic Inc.
Document

Back to the Future: Uses of History in Newspapers and Judicial Records on Marriage Equality
Unformatted Document Text:  Streitmatter’s work illuminated the news media’s role in reinforcing the idea of same-sex partners as family oriented, which was part of a broader positive news message about same-sex couples’ marriages that emerged in the late 20 th and early 21 st centuries. A San Francisco Chronicle article, for example, surveyed more than 400 same-sex couples who married after Marriage Cases was decided—and the news peg was that the couples were all loving, long-term partners; the average length of the relationship reported by the 400 couples was 12 years. 58 Richard Harwood of the Washington Post observed that, for better or worse, the news media had drastically changed how gays and lesbians were portrayed between 1950 and 2000. “The media, once vigilantes in the anti-homosexual campaigns, have conspicuously switched sides during the past decade or so,” he wrote. “News organizations now root out and expose homophobes, crusade for tolerance and gay-rights laws and recruit gay journalists.” 59 Newspapers’ positive bias on the issue of marriage for same-sex couples has been challenged. For example, Donald Wycliff emphasized in a Chicago Tribune editorial the unrepresentative bias of the news media. 60 Indeed, a journalist survey by the Pew Research Center’s Project for Excellence in Journalism reported that half of the public supported gay acceptance, whereas 88 percent of national journalists did. 61 In another study of marriage discourse coverage, media scholars Joe Bob Hester and Rhonda Gibson compared agenda-setting effects of national and local media in 2004, a year when 11 states considered state constitutional amendments to ban same-sex couples’ marriage. 62 The authors applied the theory of cognitive mapping, which says the public needs to have mental maps to navigate issues. 63 They found that media coverage was a strong predictor of public salience of same-sex couples’ marriage equality. 64 This is an important finding because the level of public salience has implications for the legal and political discourse on marriage in states that allow ballot measures. In states with ballot measures, ideas and ideals of marriage reinforced by the media’s use of particular histories can translate directly into law. In a political science study, Daniel Chomsky and Scott Barclay sought a correlation between a measure of media opinion on marriage equality in the largest newspaper in each of eight states from 1990 7

Authors: Li, Anqi.
first   previous   Page 7 of 31   next   last



background image
Streitmatter’s work illuminated the news media’s role in reinforcing the idea of same-sex partners as 
family oriented, which was part of a broader positive news message about same-sex couples’ marriages 
that emerged in the late 20
th
 and early 21
st
 centuries.  A San Francisco Chronicle article, for example, 
surveyed more than 400 same-sex couples who married after Marriage Cases was decided—and the news 
peg was that the couples were all loving, long-term partners; the average length of the relationship 
reported by the 400 couples was 12 years.
 Richard Harwood of the Washington Post observed that, for 
better or worse, the news media had drastically changed how gays and lesbians were portrayed between 
1950 and 2000. “The media, once vigilantes in the anti-homosexual campaigns, have conspicuously 
switched sides during the past decade or so,” he wrote. “News organizations now root out and expose 
homophobes, crusade for tolerance and gay-rights laws and recruit gay journalists.
Newspapers’ positive bias on the issue of marriage for same-sex couples has been challenged. For 
example, Donald Wycliff emphasized in a Chicago Tribune editorial the unrepresentative bias of the 
news media.
  Indeed, a journalist survey by the Pew Research Center’s Project for Excellence in 
Journalism reported that half of the public supported gay acceptance, whereas 88 percent of national 
journalists did.
In another study of marriage discourse coverage, media scholars Joe Bob Hester and Rhonda 
Gibson compared agenda-setting effects of national and local media in 2004, a year when 11 states 
considered state constitutional amendments to ban same-sex couples’ marriage.
 The authors applied the 
theory of cognitive mapping, which says the public needs to have mental maps to navigate issues.
 They 
found that media coverage was a strong predictor of public salience of same-sex couples’ marriage 
equality.
 This is an important finding because the level of public salience has implications for the legal 
and political discourse on marriage in states that allow ballot measures. In states with ballot measures, 
ideas and ideals of marriage reinforced by the media’s use of particular histories can translate directly into 
law.
In a political science study, Daniel Chomsky and Scott Barclay sought a correlation between a 
measure of media opinion on marriage equality in the largest newspaper in each of eight states from 1990 
7


Convention
Convention is an application service for managing large or small academic conferences, annual meetings, and other types of events!
Submission - Custom fields, multiple submission types, tracks, audio visual, multiple upload formats, automatic conversion to pdf.
Review - Peer Review, Bulk reviewer assignment, bulk emails, ranking, z-score statistics, and multiple worksheets!
Reports - Many standard and custom reports generated while you wait. Print programs with participant indexes, event grids, and more!
Scheduling - Flexible and convenient grid scheduling within rooms and buildings. Conflict checking and advanced filtering.
Communication - Bulk email tools to help your administrators send reminders and responses. Use form letters, a message center, and much more!
Management - Search tools, duplicate people management, editing tools, submission transfers, many tools to manage a variety of conference management headaches!
Click here for more information.

first   previous   Page 7 of 31   next   last

©2012 All Academic, Inc.