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A Path Made of Words: The Journalistic Construction of the Appalachian Trail
Unformatted Document Text:  32 James Murphy, “Raymond H. Torrey,” reprint from Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 65:7 (October, 1938), 433-438, in Box 204, MacKaye papers; “Raymond Torrey, Conservationist,” New York Times, July 16, 1938; “Raymond Torrey, Long Brown Path Conductor, Dead,” New York Evening Post, July 16, 1938, clipping in Frank Place Scrapbook Number 15. Torrey was a descendant of John Torrey, the American botanist for whom the Torrey Botanical Club was named. 33 Laura and Guy Waterman, Forest and Crag: A History of Hiking, Trail Blazing, and Adventure in the Northeast Mountains (Boston: Appalachian Mountain Club, 1989), 424. 34 Waterman and Waterman, Forest and Crag, 421-424. 35 Promotional flyer for the New York Walk Book by Raymond H. Torrey, Frank Place Jr., and Robert L. Dickinson, in Box 204, MacKaye papers. The book was published in 1923 by the American Geographical Society. 36 Raymond H. Torrey, “Outings – Wyanokie Plateau Trails,” New York Evening Post, November 12, 1920. 37 Raymond H. Torrey, “Publicly Owned Footways a Need,” New York Evening Post, January 28, 1921. 38 Benton MacKaye, “Classification for ‘Who’s Who,’ ” undated notes [1922], Box 165, MacKaye papers. 39 Anderson, Benton MacKaye, 97-98; Benton MacKaye to Clarence Stein, October 11, 1921, Box 165, MacKaye papers. 40 Anderson, Benton MacKaye, 143, 145-146; Miller, Lewis Mumford, 209. 41 Clarence Stein, introduction for reprint of MacKaye’s Appalachian Trail article, undated manuscript [October, 1921], Box 165, MacKaye papers. 42 Benton MacKaye to Clarence Stein, December 11, 1921, Box 165, MacKaye papers. 43 Benton MacKaye to Clarence Stein, February 10, 1922, Box 165, MacKaye papers. 44 Clarence Stein to Benton MacKaye, March 2, 1922, Box 165, MacKaye papers. 45 Benton MacKaye to Clarence Stein, March 5, 1922, Box 165, MacKaye papers. 46 Raymond H. Torrey, “Outings – A Great Trail From Maine to Georgia,” New York Evening Post, April 7, 1922, clipping in Box 204, MacKaye papers. 47 “N.Y.-N.J. Trail Conference Formed,” New York Evening Post, April 28, 1922, clipping in Box 204, MacKaye papers; Scherer, Vistas & Vision, 5. To establish the regional vision needed to build the AT, the new group supplanted an older organization, the Palisades Interstate Park Trail Conference. 48 Scherer, Vistas & Vision, 12. 49 Scherer, Vistas & Vision, 5. 50 “Plan Long Trail Over Appalachians,” New York Times, October 28, 1923; Scherer, Vistas & Vision, 5, 6. In the spring of 1923, the Evening Post began running the “Long Brown Path” column five days a week, along with the Friday “Outings” page. The “Outings” page was discontinued in 1924 after an ownership change, and the “Long Brown Path” column ran sporadically before settling into a weekly pattern. About this time, Torrey left the Evening Post and became a writer for conservation organizations including the Association for the Preservation of the Adirondacks. In 1929, the normally mild-mannered Torrey was involved in a fistfight with Robert Moses, the political boss who built much of the infrastructure of twentieth-century New York. Moses tried to strangle Torrey in a violent argument about the route of a

Authors: Kates, James.
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 James Murphy, “Raymond H. Torrey,” reprint from Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 65:7 
(October, 1938), 433-438, in Box 204, MacKaye papers; “Raymond Torrey, Conservationist,” 
New York Times, July 16, 1938; “Raymond Torrey, Long Brown Path Conductor, Dead,” New 
York Evening Post,
 July 16, 1938, clipping in Frank Place Scrapbook Number 15. Torrey was a 
descendant of John Torrey, the American botanist for whom the Torrey Botanical Club was 
 Laura and Guy Waterman, Forest and Crag: A History of Hiking, Trail Blazing, and Adventure  
in the Northeast Mountains (Boston: Appalachian Mountain Club, 1989), 424.
 Waterman and Waterman, Forest and Crag, 421-424.
 Promotional flyer for the New York Walk Book by Raymond H. Torrey, Frank Place Jr., and 
Robert L. Dickinson, in Box 204, MacKaye papers. The book was published in 1923 by the 
American Geographical Society.
 Raymond H. Torrey, “Outings – Wyanokie Plateau Trails,” New York Evening Post, November 
12, 1920.
 Raymond H. Torrey, “Publicly Owned Footways a Need,” New York Evening Post, January 28, 
 Benton MacKaye, “Classification for ‘Who’s Who,’ ” undated notes [1922], Box 165, MacKaye 
 Anderson, Benton MacKaye, 97-98; Benton MacKaye to Clarence Stein, October 11, 1921, 
Box 165, MacKaye papers.
 Anderson, Benton MacKaye, 143, 145-146; Miller, Lewis Mumford, 209.
 Clarence Stein, introduction for reprint of MacKaye’s Appalachian Trail article, undated 
manuscript [October, 1921], Box 165, MacKaye papers.
 Benton MacKaye to Clarence Stein, December 11, 1921, Box 165, MacKaye papers.
 Benton MacKaye to Clarence Stein, February 10, 1922, Box 165, MacKaye papers.
 Clarence Stein to Benton MacKaye, March 2, 1922, Box 165, MacKaye papers.
 Benton MacKaye to Clarence Stein, March 5, 1922, Box 165, MacKaye papers.
 Raymond H. Torrey, “Outings – A Great Trail From Maine to Georgia,” New York Evening Post, 
April 7, 1922, clipping in Box 204, MacKaye papers.
 “N.Y.-N.J. Trail Conference Formed,” New York Evening Post, April 28, 1922, clipping in Box 
204, MacKaye papers; Scherer, Vistas & Vision, 5. To establish the regional vision needed to 
build the AT, the new group supplanted an older organization, the Palisades Interstate Park 
Trail Conference.
 Scherer, Vistas & Vision, 12.
 Scherer, Vistas & Vision, 5.
 “Plan Long Trail Over Appalachians,” New York Times, October 28, 1923; Scherer, Vistas & 
Vision, 5, 6. In the spring of 1923, the Evening Post began running the “Long Brown Path” 
column five days a week, along with the Friday “Outings” page. The “Outings” page was 
discontinued in 1924 after an ownership change, and the “Long Brown Path” column ran 
sporadically before settling into a weekly pattern. About this time, Torrey left the Evening Post 
and became a writer for conservation organizations including the Association for the 
Preservation of the Adirondacks. In 1929, the normally mild-mannered Torrey was involved in a 
fistfight with Robert Moses, the political boss who built much of the infrastructure of twentieth-
century New York. Moses tried to strangle Torrey in a violent argument about the route of a 

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