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They Came to Toil: U.S. News Coverage of Mexicans on the Eve of the Great Depression
Unformatted Document Text:  They  Came  to  Toil:  U.S.  News  Coverage  of  Mexicans  on  the  Eve  of  the  Great  Depression   Melita  M.  Garza  -­-­  Page  -­18-­       favorites” made the Harris Bill “more obnoxious” than three related House bills, the Express said. 73 The theme reappeared on February 25, 1930, when the Express republished a St. Paul Pioneer Press editorial, under the headline “Fresh Immigration Blunders.” The editorial objected to a Senate compromise to restrict all Western Hemisphere immigration except that from Canada. That British Commonwealth nation earned an exemption from the Senate because of the “high quality of its immigrants.” 74 Such favoritism “would spell the finish of the Monroe Doctrine,” the editorial said, and “if the policy is going to be one of rude exclusiveness, the way to keep neighborly resentment at a minimum is to be thoroughly and consistently rude.” 75 The editorial concluded “If Congress does not have the courage to treat Canada the same as Mexico, or the wisdom to treat all immigrants on the Canadian rule, it had best not tamper with Western Hemisphere relations at all.” 76 These were the words of a Minnesota paper located about 460 miles from Winnipeg. No less a diplomatic force than the U.S. State Department weighed in, as La Prensa reported in a page one story under the banner headline: “It is Not Necessary to Impose a Quota on Mexican Immigration.” The March 16, 1930 story, datelined Washington, explained that the U.S. State Department and the U.S. Department of Labor disagreed on the need for a Mexican immigration quota. The State Department opposed it as superfluous because Mexican immigration was already dwindling. 77 Mexican immigration to the U.S. fell almost one quarter in 1929 compared to the number admitted a year earlier, La Prensa reported. Stricter requirements for entry meant that only one or two out of every ten who applied were admitted in 1929 for a total of 44,511. 78

Authors: Garza, Melita M..
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They  Came  to  Toil:  
U.S.  News  Coverage  of  Mexicans  on  the  Eve  of  the  Great  Depression  
Melita  M.  Garza  -­-­  Page  -­18-­  
 
 
favorites” made the Harris Bill “more obnoxious” than three related House bills, the 
Express said.
73
 
The theme reappeared on February 25, 1930, when the Express republished a St. 
Paul Pioneer Press editorial, under the headline “Fresh Immigration Blunders.” The 
editorial objected to a Senate compromise to restrict all Western Hemisphere immigration 
except that from Canada. That British Commonwealth nation earned an exemption from 
the Senate because of the “high quality of its immigrants.”
74
 Such favoritism “would spell 
the finish of the Monroe Doctrine,” the editorial said, and “if the policy is going to be one 
of rude exclusiveness, the way to keep neighborly resentment at a minimum is to be 
thoroughly and consistently rude.”
75
 The editorial concluded “If Congress does not have 
the courage to treat Canada the same as Mexico, or the wisdom to treat all immigrants on 
the Canadian rule, it had best not tamper with Western Hemisphere relations at all.”
76
  
These were the words of a Minnesota paper located about 460 miles from Winnipeg. 
 
No less a diplomatic force than the U.S. State Department weighed in, as La 
Prensa reported in a page one story under the banner headline: “It is Not Necessary to 
Impose a Quota on Mexican Immigration.” The March 16, 1930 story, datelined 
Washington, explained that the U.S. State Department and the U.S. Department of Labor 
disagreed on the need for a Mexican immigration quota. The State Department opposed it 
as superfluous because Mexican immigration was already dwindling.
77
 Mexican 
immigration to the U.S. fell almost one quarter in 1929 compared to the number admitted 
a year earlier, La Prensa reported. Stricter requirements for entry meant that only one or 
two out of every ten who applied were admitted in 1929 for a total of 44,511.
78
 


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