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They Came to Toil: U.S. News Coverage of Mexicans on the Eve of the Great Depression
Unformatted Document Text:  They  Came  to  Toil:  U.S.  News  Coverage  of  Mexicans  on  the  Eve  of  the  Great  Depression   Melita  M.  Garza  -­-­  Page  -­6-­       were not predicated on superior reporting or the ability to get more scoops but on “selection of what news to print and what not to print, and of what to play up (give prominence) or play down,” MacDougall said. These editorial decisions are “deliberate,” based on what “purchasers of their papers want to read.” 12 Likewise, for Bleyer news was “anything timely that is selected by the news staff because it is of interest and significance to their readers or because it can be made so.” 13 Newspapers had a civic mandate to make coverage matter to readers, according to Bleyer. “The whole theory of democratic government is based on the assumption that men and women, as citizens and voters, must keep themselves informed by reading, day by day, news of significant events at home and abroad, in order to form sound opinions on current political and economic questions.” 14 News coverage, for this research paper, refers to news stories and editorials, cartoons and photos that relate to Mexicans or persons of Mexican ancestry living in the U.S. Answering a call from Pamela J. Shoemaker and Stephen D. Reese, the paper considers, “What ideas, people activities and views are presented most frequently in the media and in what fashion” concerning Mexicans at the start of the Great Depression? 15 The San Antonio Express and La Prensa The San Antonio Express and La Prensa were selected because they were independent daily newspapers operating in the same southwestern city. Their differences were myriad: language, audience and age, to name a few. Both trace their roots to the aftermath of seminal events in Texas-Mexico history. The Express published its first edition 29 years after the fall of the Alamo and La Prensa was founded three years after the Mexican Revolution of 1910. 16 The Express and its younger sibling, the Evening

Authors: Garza, Melita M..
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They  Came  to  Toil:  
U.S.  News  Coverage  of  Mexicans  on  the  Eve  of  the  Great  Depression  
Melita  M.  Garza  -­-­  Page  -­6-­  
 
 
were not predicated on superior reporting or the ability to get more scoops but on 
“selection of what news to print and what not to print, and of what to play up (give 
prominence) or play down,” MacDougall said. These editorial decisions are “deliberate,” 
based on what “purchasers of their papers want to read.”
12
  Likewise, for Bleyer news 
was “anything timely that is selected by the news staff because it is of interest and 
significance to their readers or because it can be made so.”
13
  
Newspapers had a civic mandate to make coverage matter to readers, according to 
Bleyer. “The whole theory of democratic government is based on the assumption that 
men and women, as citizens and voters, must keep themselves informed by reading, day 
by day, news of significant events at home and abroad, in order to form sound opinions 
on current political and economic questions.”
14
 
 News coverage, for this research paper, refers to news stories and editorials, 
cartoons and photos that relate to Mexicans or persons of Mexican ancestry living in the 
U.S.  Answering a call from Pamela J. Shoemaker and Stephen D. Reese, the paper 
considers, “What ideas, people activities and views are presented most frequently in the 
media and in what fashion” concerning Mexicans at the start of the Great Depression?
15
  
The San Antonio Express and La Prensa 
The San Antonio Express and La Prensa were selected because they were 
independent daily newspapers operating in the same southwestern city. Their differences 
were myriad: language, audience and age, to name a few. Both trace their roots to the 
aftermath of seminal events in Texas-Mexico history. The Express published its first 
edition 29 years after the fall of the Alamo and La Prensa was founded three years after 
the Mexican Revolution of 1910.
16
 The Express and its younger sibling, the Evening 


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