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They Came to Toil: U.S. News Coverage of Mexicans on the Eve of the Great Depression
Unformatted Document Text:  They  Came  to  Toil:  U.S.  News  Coverage  of  Mexicans  on  the  Eve  of  the  Great  Depression   Melita  M.  Garza  -­-­  Page  -­8-­       deportation, repatriation and Mexican ethnic issues. 23 The two papers covered the Great War and now were on the cusp of another “Great,” the Great Depression. San Antonio San Antonio’s Mexican-American legacy makes it an optimal choice for this study. In 1910 the population of San Antonio had risen to nearly 97,000 people. San Antonio was the largest city in Texas and the Express was its largest newspaper at the time. 24 More than 10 percent, or 9,906, of San Antonio’s population were Mexican natives. 25 Over the next decade, the Mexico-born population of the city nearly tripled to 28,444, or 17.6 percent of the city’s 1920 population of about 161,000 people. 26 San Antonio remained the state’s largest city, with Dallas and Houston in second and third place respectively. 27 The Mexican Revolution of 1910 that ravaged that country over the next decade partly contributed to the influx of Mexican nationals, including Ignacio Lozano, who would found and publish La Prensa in 1913. Mexican immigration continued during the 1920s. By 1930, the number of people who identified themselves as Mexican-born had risen to 33,146, or 14.3 percent of the city’s 231,542 population. 28 San Antonio fell to third place among Texas cities, trailing Houston and Dallas in population. In 1929, the U.S. government made crossing the border illegally a misdemeanor for first time offenders. Repeat offenders faced felony charges and fines of up to $10,000. 29 Expulsions of Mexicans accelerated after President Herbert Hoover appointed William N. Doak, the first American-born Secretary of Labor in December 1930. Within a month of his appointment Doak told the Senate that about 400,000 people were illegally living in the U.S. and at least 100,000 were deportable. 30 By the end of June 1931, more than half of the 22,952 Mexicans who were deported–or

Authors: Garza, Melita M..
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They  Came  to  Toil:  
U.S.  News  Coverage  of  Mexicans  on  the  Eve  of  the  Great  Depression  
Melita  M.  Garza  -­-­  Page  -­8-­  
 
 
deportation, repatriation and Mexican ethnic issues.
23
 The two papers covered the Great 
War and now were on the cusp of another  “Great,” the Great Depression. 
San Antonio   
San Antonio’s Mexican-American legacy makes it an optimal choice for this 
study. In 1910 the population of San Antonio had risen to nearly 97,000 people. San 
Antonio was the largest city in Texas and the Express was its largest newspaper at the 
time.
24
 More than 10 percent, or 9,906, of San Antonio’s population were Mexican 
natives.
25
 Over the next decade, the Mexico-born population of the city nearly tripled to 
28,444, or 17.6 percent of the city’s 1920 population of about 161,000 people.
26
 San 
Antonio remained the state’s largest city, with Dallas and Houston in second and third 
place respectively.
27
 The Mexican Revolution of 1910 that ravaged that country over the 
next decade partly contributed to the influx of Mexican nationals, including Ignacio 
Lozano, who would found and publish La Prensa in 1913. 
Mexican immigration continued during the 1920s. By 1930, the number of people 
who identified themselves as Mexican-born had risen to 33,146, or 14.3 percent of the 
city’s 231,542 population.
28
 San Antonio fell to third place among Texas cities, trailing 
Houston and Dallas in population. In 1929, the U.S. government made crossing the 
border illegally a misdemeanor for first time offenders. Repeat offenders faced felony 
charges and fines of up to $10,000.
29
 Expulsions of Mexicans accelerated after President 
Herbert Hoover appointed William N. Doak, the first American-born Secretary of Labor 
in December 1930. Within a month of his appointment Doak told the Senate that about 
400,000 people were illegally living in the U.S. and at least 100,000 were deportable.
30
 
By the end of June 1931, more than half of the 22,952 Mexicans who were deported–or 


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