All Academic, Inc. Research Logo

Info/CitationFAQResearchAll Academic Inc.
Document

Does c’ Test Help, Anytime? -- On Communication Fallacy of “Effect to Mediate”
Unformatted Document Text:  Does c’ Test Help, Anytime? -- On Communication Fallacy of “Effect to Mediate” Page 23 of 34 Premise 4: “Mediation” is defined as a*b. (Derived from Baron & Kenny 1986 classic definition of mediation, p. 1176). Premise 3 and Minor Premise are in conflict. Further, considering Premise 4, Major Premise appears unneeded. As the major and minor premises are in question, the foundation of the conclusion now appears shaky. For better communication and reasoning, we need a one-for-one relationship in which each sign represents only one concept and one concept is represented by only one sign. Such an arrangement would leave no room for equivocation. While synonyms, which are by definition multi-signs, are inevitable, we should at least avoid multi-concepts, especially multi-concepts linked with multi-signs. Given two concepts and three groups of signs, there is an extra group of signs, which is “effect to mediate” and its synonyms. In theory, we may eliminate this group of signs from our communication and thinking, together with the confusing “meaning linkages” represented by the three dotted lines. In reality, however, when a certain signs have become a part of our thinking for a certain time, they are hard to eliminate. Figure 2b offers an alternative: merge “effect to mediate” group with the “mediation” group, and assign them only to represent a*b. This would also eliminate the three dotted lines. Now we have only two sign groups, each matched exclusively with one concept, leaving no room for confusion or fallacy. This would mean that only a*b test is needed for establishing mediation (mediated effect), and c’ test is only for establishing total effect. This would also make it a clear tautology to say “to show mediation you must first show there is an effect to mediate.” It would be like to say “to show you have earned money you must first show there was money to earn.” If I earned money, obviously there was money to earn. Money

Authors: Zhao, XinShu., Chen, Qimei. and Tong, Bing.
first   previous   Page 23 of 34   next   last



background image
Does c’ Test Help, Anytime? -- On Communication Fallacy of “Effect to Mediate” 
Page 23 of 34 
 
Premise 4: 
“Mediation” is defined as a*b. (Derived from Baron & Kenny 1986 
classic definition of mediation, p. 1176). 
 
Premise 3 and Minor Premise are in conflict.  Further, considering Premise 4, Major 
Premise appears unneeded.  As the major and minor premises are in question, the foundation of the 
conclusion now appears shaky.  
For better communication and reasoning, we need a one-for-one relationship in which each 
sign represents only one concept and one concept is represented by only one sign. Such an 
arrangement would leave no room for equivocation. While synonyms, which are by definition 
multi-signs, are inevitable, we should at least avoid multi-concepts, especially multi-concepts linked 
with multi-signs.  
Given two concepts and three groups of signs, there is an extra group of signs, which is 
“effect to mediate” and its synonyms.  
In theory, we may eliminate this group of signs from our communication and thinking, 
together with the confusing “meaning linkages” represented by the three dotted lines. In reality, 
however, when a certain signs have become a part of our thinking for a certain time, they are hard 
to eliminate.  
Figure 2b offers an alternative: merge “effect to mediate” group with the “mediation” group, 
and assign them only to represent a*b.  This would also eliminate the three dotted lines. 
Now we have only two sign groups, each matched exclusively with one concept, leaving no 
room for confusion or fallacy.  This would mean that only a*b test is needed for establishing 
mediation (mediated effect), and c’ test is only for establishing total effect.  
This would also make it a clear tautology to say “to show mediation you must first show 
there is an effect to mediate.”  It would be like to say “to show you have earned money you must 
first show there was money to earn.”  If I earned money, obviously there was money to earn. Money 


Convention
All Academic Convention is the premier solution for your association's abstract management solutions needs.
Submission - Custom fields, multiple submission types, tracks, audio visual, multiple upload formats, automatic conversion to pdf.
Review - Peer Review, Bulk reviewer assignment, bulk emails, ranking, z-score statistics, and multiple worksheets!
Reports - Many standard and custom reports generated while you wait. Print programs with participant indexes, event grids, and more!
Scheduling - Flexible and convenient grid scheduling within rooms and buildings. Conflict checking and advanced filtering.
Communication - Bulk email tools to help your administrators send reminders and responses. Use form letters, a message center, and much more!
Management - Search tools, duplicate people management, editing tools, submission transfers, many tools to manage a variety of conference management headaches!
Click here for more information.

first   previous   Page 23 of 34   next   last

©2012 All Academic, Inc.