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The student journalist: Roles of the scholastic press in the 21st Century
Unformatted Document Text:  Scholastic press roles 16 perception (e.g. high on both the interpretive and adversarial roles), suggesting that these role perceptions are in fact correlated. Therefore, this analysis used principal axis factoring with promax rotation (an oblique rotation method, which allows factors to be correlated). Mean scores were then computed for each role perception using those items that loaded strongly within each factor. These scores were used as the dependent variable in the regressions used to answer the second research question (described below). To answer the second research question, a series of multiple regression analyses were used, with each role perception scale (uncovered through the factor analysis performed to answer the first research question) as the dependent variable and possible covariates and antecedents to the perceptions used as the independent variables. Results Of the 365 respondents in our sample, the majority (69.5%) were female, and the mean age was 43.73 (SD=10.7). The average respondent had been advising school newspapers for 10.3 years (SD=8.76). About half (47.1%) said they have worked as a professional journalist, and about the same proportion worked for a college newspaper (47.9%). Slightly more than half said they had worked for their high school newspapers (53.4%). Most reported teaching at public schools (86.8%) that served grades 9-12 or 10- 12 (89.2%). Respondents represented 43 states and the District of Columbia, with the most respondents coming from California (39), Texas (32), Missouri (24), Kansas (24), and Illinois (24). The first research question asked what advisers would report as the dominant roles they believed the high school newspaper to play. To answer this question, principal

Authors: Maksl, Adam.
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Scholastic press roles 
16
perception (e.g. high on both the interpretive and adversarial roles), suggesting that these 
role perceptions are in fact correlated. Therefore, this analysis used principal axis 
factoring with promax rotation (an oblique rotation method, which allows factors to be 
correlated). Mean scores were then computed for each role perception using those items 
that loaded strongly within each factor. These scores were used as the dependent variable 
in the regressions used to answer the second research question (described below).
To answer the second research question, a series of multiple regression analyses 
were used, with each role perception scale (uncovered through the factor analysis 
performed to answer the first research question) as the dependent variable and possible 
covariates and antecedents to the perceptions used as the independent variables. 
Results
Of the 365 respondents in our sample, the majority (69.5%) were female, and the 
mean age was 43.73 (SD=10.7). The average respondent had been advising school 
newspapers for 10.3 years (SD=8.76). About half (47.1%) said they have worked as a 
professional journalist, and about the same proportion worked for a college newspaper 
(47.9%). Slightly more than half said they had worked for their high school newspapers 
(53.4%). Most reported teaching at public schools (86.8%) that served grades 9-12 or 10-
12 (89.2%). Respondents represented 43 states and the District of Columbia, with the 
most respondents coming from California (39), Texas (32), Missouri (24), Kansas (24), 
and Illinois (24). 
The first research question asked what advisers would report as the dominant 
roles they believed the high school newspaper to play. To answer this question, principal 


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