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The student journalist: Roles of the scholastic press in the 21st Century
Unformatted Document Text:  Scholastic press roles 22 development of critical thinking skills, this finding suggests that there is an important positive relationship between building critical thinking and having a newspaper free enough to function as a watchdog. There is a negative relationship between the value of critical thinking skills and having a newspaper that is simply the arm of the school. Of course, this finding is somewhat constrained by the lack of variation within the critical thinking and arm-of-school roles, and future research should continue to test this relationship. Moreover, it is important to note that these findings make a correlational argument, not a causal one. That is, there is evidence only to say that these roles are related, not that one role caused another. No research is without limitations, and this study is no exception. The main limitation is that it was conducted with advisers who are members of a professional association for high school advisers, the Journalism Education Association. This organization espouses normative principal in line with the school watchdog and critical thinking/free expression roles, and fights against the arm-of-school conceptualization of the role of the school newspaper. It’s likely that advisers who are members of this organization have similar views on the role of the school newspaper. Therefore, future research into the examination of role perceptions among high school advisers should look to do so among samples that are more representative of all high school newspaper advisers. While there was little variation within two of the roles in the current research, there is no reason to suggest the findings would be mirrored among samples of other school newspaper stakeholders, such as administrators, student readers, teachers, or parents. Future research should compare role perceptions among these other groups for

Authors: Maksl, Adam.
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Scholastic press roles 
22
development of critical thinking skills, this finding suggests that there is an important 
positive relationship between building critical thinking and having a newspaper free 
enough to function as a watchdog. There is a negative relationship between the value of 
critical thinking skills and having a newspaper that is simply the arm of the school. Of 
course, this finding is somewhat constrained by the lack of variation within the critical 
thinking and arm-of-school roles, and future research should continue to test this 
relationship. Moreover, it is important to note that these findings make a correlational 
argument, not a causal one. That is, there is evidence only to say that these roles are 
related, not that one role caused another.
No research is without limitations, and this study is no exception. The main 
limitation is that it was conducted with advisers who are members of a professional 
association for high school advisers, the Journalism Education Association. This 
organization espouses normative principal in line with the school watchdog and critical 
thinking/free expression roles, and fights against the arm-of-school conceptualization of 
the role of the school newspaper. It’s likely that advisers who are members of this 
organization have similar views on the role of the school newspaper. Therefore, future 
research into the examination of role perceptions among high school advisers should look 
to do so among samples that are more representative of all high school newspaper 
advisers. 
While there was little variation within two of the roles in the current research, 
there is no reason to suggest the findings would be mirrored among samples of other 
school newspaper stakeholders, such as administrators, student readers, teachers, or 
parents. Future research should compare role perceptions among these other groups for 


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