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The student journalist: Roles of the scholastic press in the 21st Century
Unformatted Document Text:  Scholastic press roles 28 Table 1. Summary of exploratory factor analysis results for uncovering factors that represent school newspaper roles, using principal axis factoring with promax rotation (N=365) Items Factor loadings School watch-dog Critical thinking Arm of school School newspapers should function as a watchdog against those in power in the school, including administrators and teachers. .82 - .13 - .06 School newspapers should expose unethical practices of school officials. .74 - .04 - .08 School newspapers should be a voice for those who are critical of school policies. .71 .02 .09 The school newspaper should report on all important issues, even if they could potentially put the school in a bad light. .69 .03 - .10 The school newspaper should investigate claims and statements made by the school. .63 .14 - .04 The school newspaper should discuss school policy while the policy is still being developed. .57 .11 - .04 The school newspaper should help set the school political agenda. .47 - .02 .11 Working on a school newspaper requires students to use higher-order thinking skills. - .06 .72 - .13 School newspaper programs can help build critical thinking skills among students. - .13 .79 - .09 Students who work for the school newspaper have the opportunity to not only learn knowledge of journalism, but also practice and evaluate what they've learned. - .17 .82 -.11 The school newspaper should give ordinary students a chance to express their views on public affairs. .20 .44 .04 Motivating ordinary students to get involved in public discussions of important issues is an important role of the school newspaper. .32 .50 .17 School newspapers should be a place where students can express themselves. .20 .51 .12 Developing intellectual and cultural interests of students is an important role of the school newspaper. .16 .40 .17 The primary purpose of the school newspaper is to promote school functions. - .04 - .08 .64 Fostering school spirit is an important role of the school press. - .18 .17 .57 The school newspaper is best viewed as simply an extension of the English curriculum. .09 - .11 .40 The primary purpose of the newspaper is to teach students how to write well. .05 .01 .46 Eigenvalues 5.45 1.47 1.04 % of variance explained 28.68 7.76 5.48 Note: Factor loadings over .40 appear in bold.

Authors: Maksl, Adam.
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Scholastic press roles 
28
Table 1. Summary of exploratory factor analysis results for uncovering factors that represent 
school newspaper roles, using principal axis factoring with promax rotation (N=365)
Items
Factor loadings
School 
watch-
dog
Critical 
thinking 
Arm of 
school
School newspapers should function as a watchdog against those in power 
in the school, including administrators and teachers.
.82
- .13
- .06
School newspapers should expose unethical practices of school officials.
.74
- .04
- .08
School newspapers should be a voice for those who are critical of school 
policies.
.71
.02
.09
The school newspaper should report on all important issues, even if they 
could potentially put the school in a bad light.
.69
.03
- .10
The school newspaper should investigate claims and statements made by 
the school.
.63
.14
- .04
The school newspaper should discuss school policy while the policy is 
still being developed.
.57
.11
- .04
The school newspaper should help set the school political agenda.
.47
- .02
.11
Working on a school newspaper requires students to use higher-order 
thinking skills.
- .06
.72
- .13
School newspaper programs can help build critical thinking skills among 
students.
- .13
.79
- .09
Students who work for the school newspaper have the opportunity to not 
only learn knowledge of journalism, but also practice and evaluate what 
they've learned.
- .17
.82
 -.11
The school newspaper should give ordinary students a chance to express 
their views on public affairs.
.20
.44
.04
Motivating ordinary students to get involved in public discussions of 
important issues is an important role of the school newspaper.
.32
.50
.17
School newspapers should be a place where students can express 
themselves.
.20
.51
.12
Developing intellectual and cultural interests of students is an important 
role of the school newspaper.
.16
.40
.17
The primary purpose of the school newspaper is to promote school 
functions.
- .04
- .08
.64
Fostering school spirit is an important role of the school press.
- .18
.17
.57
The school newspaper is best viewed as simply an extension of the 
English curriculum.
.09
- .11
.40
The primary purpose of the newspaper is to teach students how to write 
well.
.05
.01
.46
Eigenvalues
5.45
1.47
1.04
% of variance explained
28.68
7.76
5.48
Note: Factor loadings over .40 appear in bold.


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