All Academic, Inc. Research Logo

Info/CitationFAQResearchAll Academic Inc.

The student journalist: Roles of the scholastic press in the 21st Century
Unformatted Document Text:  Scholastic press roles 4 school newspaper is likely to influence the degree of press freedom with which that school newspaper operates. This paper takes an important first step in exploring role perceptions. First, it will view existing literature in a historical approach, working to understand how the normative roles of high school journalism and the high school newspaper have changed over the course of the 20 th and early 21 st century. Secondly, this paper will present results from a survey of more than 350 high school newspaper advisers and their perceptions of the primary roles of the high school newspaper. Finally, this work will discuss the individual and organizational predictors of those roles perceptions. Literature Review Normative Press Roles and the History of the High School Paper Before examining the historical progression of normative ideals involving the high school press, it’s important to properly explicate the term “normative theory.” Normative theory tries to explain how something should be done, largely based on social and cultural norms. Applied to journalism or mass communication, it is “the reasoned explanation of how public discourse should be carried on in order for a community or nation to work out solutions to its problems” (Christians, Glasser, McQuail, Nordenstreng, & White, 2009, p. 65). Perhaps the best known text on the normative roles of journalism is Siebert, Peterson, and Schramm’s (1956) Four Theories of the Press. In Four Theories, the authors suggest that national press systems can be classified according to four broad theories: the authoritarian, libertarian, social responsibility, and soviet communist. More recent scholarship has criticized Four Theories; these critics say the 1956 work focused too much on comparing other press systems to the classical liberalism

Authors: Maksl, Adam.
first   previous   Page 4 of 29   next   last

background image
Scholastic press roles 
school newspaper is likely to influence the degree of press freedom with which that 
school newspaper operates. This paper takes an important first step in exploring role 
perceptions. First, it will view existing literature in a historical approach, working to 
understand how the normative roles of high school journalism and the high school 
newspaper have changed over the course of the 20
 and early 21
 century. Secondly, this 
paper will present results from a survey of more than 350 high school newspaper advisers 
and their perceptions of the primary roles of the high school newspaper. Finally, this 
work will discuss the individual and organizational predictors of those roles perceptions. 
Literature Review
Normative Press Roles and the History of the High School Paper
Before examining the historical progression of normative ideals involving the 
high school press, it’s important to properly explicate the term “normative theory.” 
Normative theory tries to explain how something should be done, largely based on social 
and cultural norms. Applied to journalism or mass communication, it is “the reasoned 
explanation of how public discourse should be carried on in order for a community or 
nation to work out solutions to its problems” (Christians, Glasser, McQuail, 
Nordenstreng, & White, 2009, p. 65). Perhaps the best known text on the normative roles 
of journalism is Siebert, Peterson, and Schramm’s (1956) Four Theories of the Press. In 
Four Theories, the authors suggest that national press systems can be classified according 
to four broad theories: the authoritarian, libertarian, social responsibility, and soviet 
communist. More recent scholarship has criticized Four Theories; these critics say the 
1956 work focused too much on comparing other press systems to the classical liberalism 

Need a solution for abstract management? All Academic can help! Contact us today to find out how our system can help your annual meeting.
Submission - Custom fields, multiple submission types, tracks, audio visual, multiple upload formats, automatic conversion to pdf.
Review - Peer Review, Bulk reviewer assignment, bulk emails, ranking, z-score statistics, and multiple worksheets!
Reports - Many standard and custom reports generated while you wait. Print programs with participant indexes, event grids, and more!
Scheduling - Flexible and convenient grid scheduling within rooms and buildings. Conflict checking and advanced filtering.
Communication - Bulk email tools to help your administrators send reminders and responses. Use form letters, a message center, and much more!
Management - Search tools, duplicate people management, editing tools, submission transfers, many tools to manage a variety of conference management headaches!
Click here for more information.

first   previous   Page 4 of 29   next   last

©2012 All Academic, Inc.