All Academic, Inc. Research Logo

Info/CitationFAQResearchAll Academic Inc.

Framing in the ‘New Media Environment’: Fox News Channel (FNC) Covers the Bristol Palin Pregnancy
Unformatted Document Text:  argued that ‘the conservative opinion media work to create an out-group identity for Democrats and liberals and an in-group identity for conservatives’ (30). They describe this as a ‘feedback loop...between Republican leaders and conservative media’ (18). In these terms, FNC has exemplified the political polarization of the media since its inception. In their study of this effect, Iyengar and Hahn (2009) attribute the ideological segmentation of the media to selectivity by audience members who choose their own media outlets, as well as to the diversity of media forms now available. Jamieson and Cappella (2008) elaborate this concept in terms of ‘selective exposure, selective perception, and selective retention’ to describe ‘the process by which we make sense of who we are as political creatures.’ In their terms, this contributes to the reification of the politically homogenous media space, which the authors call an ‘echo chamber’ (75). Against this fragmentation of the contemporary news media Iyengar and Hahn (2009) describe the earlier days of mid-20th century broadcast journalism. The authors recall the cohesive message offered by ideologically constant news outlets: It is no mere coincidence that the trend toward a more divided electorate has occurred simultaneously with the revolution in information technology. Forty years ago, the great majority of Americans got their daily news from one of three network newscasts. These

Authors: Durham, Frank.
first   previous   Page 6 of 33   next   last

background image
argued that ‘the conservative opinion media work to create an out-group identity for Democrats 
and liberals and an in-group identity for conservatives’ (30). They describe this as a ‘feedback 
loop...between Republican leaders and conservative media’ (18). In these terms, FNC has 
exemplified the political polarization of the media since its inception. 
In their study of this effect, Iyengar and Hahn (2009) attribute the ideological 
segmentation of the media to selectivity by audience members who choose their own media 
outlets, as well as to the diversity of media forms now available. Jamieson and Cappella (2008) 
elaborate this concept in terms of ‘selective exposure, selective perception, and selective 
retention’ to describe ‘the process by which we make sense of who we are as political creatures.’ 
In their terms, this contributes to the reification of the politically homogenous media space, 
which the authors call an ‘echo chamber’ (75).
Against this fragmentation of the contemporary news media Iyengar and Hahn (2009) 
describe the earlier days of mid-20th century broadcast journalism. The authors recall the 
cohesive message offered by ideologically constant news outlets:
It is no mere coincidence that the trend toward a more divided electorate has occurred 
simultaneously with the revolution in information technology. Forty years ago, the great 
majority of Americans got their daily news from one of three network newscasts. These 

All Academic Convention makes running your annual conference simple and cost effective. It is your online solution for abstract management, peer review, and scheduling for your annual meeting or convention.
Submission - Custom fields, multiple submission types, tracks, audio visual, multiple upload formats, automatic conversion to pdf.
Review - Peer Review, Bulk reviewer assignment, bulk emails, ranking, z-score statistics, and multiple worksheets!
Reports - Many standard and custom reports generated while you wait. Print programs with participant indexes, event grids, and more!
Scheduling - Flexible and convenient grid scheduling within rooms and buildings. Conflict checking and advanced filtering.
Communication - Bulk email tools to help your administrators send reminders and responses. Use form letters, a message center, and much more!
Management - Search tools, duplicate people management, editing tools, submission transfers, many tools to manage a variety of conference management headaches!
Click here for more information.

first   previous   Page 6 of 33   next   last

©2012 All Academic, Inc.