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Developing News Photography: The Post-WWII Rise of Normative Photojournalism Instruction in Liberal Arts Journalism Education
Unformatted Document Text:  3 were limited in scope and never gained a foothold. 4 It was not until the 1930s that ‘pictorial journalism’ and ‘news photography’ began to be offered as standalone courses at a handful of journalism schools. 5 Growth was slow but steady, and by 1937, there were roughly twelve schools offering courses in ‘pictorial journalism.’ 6 This growth was glacial in comparison to the meteoric rise of general journalism education in the early decades of the twentieth century. 7 In part, this slow growth can be attributed to debate on the appropriateness of the news photography trade in the education of professional journalism. Early writings by some educators declared that “around [the department] it seems to be regarded as more a trade than a profession.” 8 But as more graduates with photographic training entered and succeeded in the workforce, the star of news photography education was on the rise. For the photographer, holding a college degree was respected in a newsroom filled with other college graduates. 9 From the beginning, however, there was a limit on just how far journalism education was willing to bring photography into the fold. 4 Sherre Lynne Paris, “Raising Press Photography to Visual Communication in American Schools of Journalism, With Attention to the Universities of Missouri and Texas, 1880’s-- 1990’s” (Ph.D., The University of Texas at Austin, 2007), 82. 5 Charles Flynn, “News Photography Teaching in Schools of Journalism,” Journalism Quarterly 20, no. 1 (1943), 50. 6 Jack Price, “Courses in Pictorial Journalism Now Given By Dozen Universities,” Editor and Publisher 70 (1937), 1. 7 James E. Pollard, “Journalism and the College,” The Journal of Higher Education 10, no. 7 (1939): 356-62. 8 C. William Horrell, “The Status of Education for Photojournalism,” Journalism Quarterly 38, no. 2 (1961), 214. 9 Jerry Walker, “Day is Coming When Photographers Will Have B.A,” Editor and Publisher 79 (1946): 16.

Authors: Paddock, Stanton.
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were limited in scope and never gained a foothold.
4
 It was not until the 1930s that ‘pictorial 
journalism’ and ‘news photography’ began to be offered as standalone courses at a handful of 
journalism schools.
5
 Growth was slow but steady, and by 1937, there were roughly twelve 
schools offering courses in ‘pictorial journalism.’
This growth was glacial in comparison to the 
meteoric rise of general journalism education in the early decades of the twentieth century.
7
 
 
In part, this slow growth can be attributed to debate on the appropriateness of the news 
photography trade in the education of professional journalism. Early writings by some educators 
declared that “around [the department] it seems to be regarded as more a trade than a 
profession.”
8
 But as more graduates with photographic training entered and succeeded in the 
workforce, the star of news photography education was on the rise. For the photographer, 
holding a college degree was respected in a newsroom filled with other college graduates.
9
 From 
the beginning, however, there was a limit on just how far journalism education was willing to 
bring photography into the fold.
 
                                                 
4
 Sherre Lynne Paris, “Raising Press Photography to Visual Communication in American 
Schools of Journalism, With Attention to the Universities of Missouri and Texas, 1880’s--
1990’s” (Ph.D., The University of Texas at Austin, 2007), 82. 
5
 Charles Flynn, “News Photography Teaching in Schools of Journalism,” Journalism Quarterly 
20, no. 1 (1943), 50. 
Jack Price, “Courses in Pictorial Journalism Now Given By Dozen Universities,” Editor and 
Publisher 70 (1937), 1. 
7
 James E. Pollard, “Journalism and the College,” The Journal of Higher Education 10, no. 7 
(1939): 356-62. 
8
 C. William Horrell, “The Status of Education for Photojournalism,” Journalism Quarterly 38, 
no. 2 (1961), 214. 
9
 Jerry Walker, “Day is Coming When Photographers Will Have B.A,” Editor and Publisher 79 
(1946): 16. 


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