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HIV Stigmatization and Stereotyping in Chinese News Coverage: From a Framing Perspective
Unformatted Document Text:  HIV STIMGATIZATION AND STEROTYPING 10     Method Sample Selection The sample for the content analysis includes eight news publications that represent national, metropolitan, and provincial Chinese media. National news publications included People’s Daily (N=48) and the Xinhua Newswire (N=118). People’s Daily is the official newspaper for the Chinese government and the Party. Xinhua Newswire is one of the main newswire services in China. For metropolitan and provincial media, the highest- circulation newspaper from the metropolitan cities and provincial capital cities were identified and included. Metropolitan newspapers represented three key Chinese cities, including Beijing Evening News (N=57), Shanghai’s Xinmin Evening News (N=44), and Guangzhou’s Yangcheng Evening News (N=80). Provincial newspapers were Chuncheng Evening News (N= 113) from Yunnan, Nanguo Morning Post (N=57) from Guangxi, and Dahe Bao (N=38) from Henan. The three provincial newspapers were chosen to represent the three provinces with the largest number of reported HIV/AIDS cases based on the 2008 UNAIDS Report. Given that World AIDS Day (December 1 of every year) generates significant media coverage about HIV/AIDS (Bu & Liu, 2004; Li & Zhou, 2005), this study included all articles published in each of the eight news outlets one week before and one week after December first every other year from 2000 to 2008 (2000, 2002, 2004, 2006, and 2008). The final sample included 629 articles. Researchers removed news samples of editorials or essays written by non-media personnel. Researchers also identified and carefully reviewed 28 duplicate articles, most of which were published first by the Xinhua Newswire. Articles that contained a substantial amount of original news information were retained in the sample, and all other duplicate articles were removed. The final sample consisted of 586 unique news articles.

Authors: Ren, Chunbo., Hust, Stacey., Zhang, Peng. and Zhao, Yunze.
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HIV STIMGATIZATION AND STEROTYPING                                                                     10
 
 
Method 
Sample Selection 
The sample for the content analysis includes eight news publications that represent 
national, metropolitan, and provincial Chinese media.  National news publications 
included People’s Daily (N=48) and the Xinhua Newswire (N=118). People’s Daily is the 
official newspaper for the Chinese government and the Party.  Xinhua Newswire is one of the 
main newswire services in China. For metropolitan and provincial media, the highest-
circulation newspaper from the metropolitan cities and provincial capital cities were identified 
and included. Metropolitan newspapers represented three key Chinese cities, including Beijing 
Evening News (N=57), Shanghai’s Xinmin Evening News (N=44), and Guangzhou’s Yangcheng 
Evening News (N=80). Provincial newspapers were Chuncheng Evening News (N= 113) from 
Yunnan, Nanguo Morning Post (N=57) from Guangxi, and Dahe Bao (N=38) from Henan. The 
three provincial newspapers were chosen to represent the three provinces with the largest 
number of reported HIV/AIDS cases based on the 2008 UNAIDS Report.  
Given that World AIDS Day (December 1 of every year) generates significant media 
coverage about HIV/AIDS (Bu & Liu, 2004; Li & Zhou, 2005), this study included all articles 
published in each of the eight news outlets one week before and one week after December first 
every other year from 2000 to 2008  (2000, 2002,  2004, 2006, and 2008). The final sample 
included 629 articles. Researchers removed news samples of editorials or essays written by 
non-media personnel. Researchers also identified and carefully reviewed 28 duplicate articles, 
most of which were published first by the Xinhua Newswire. Articles that contained a 
substantial amount of original news information were retained in the sample, and all other 
duplicate articles were removed. The final sample consisted of 586 unique news articles.   


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