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The Psychology of Plagiarism
Unformatted Document Text:  serious than other types of cheating, 37 and British students interviewed about cheating saw plagiarism as a minor concern. 38 Students also tend to overemphasize the prevalence of plagiarism among their peers, a factor that may lead to self-rationalizing behavior. 39 Peer behavior was the strongest predictor of academic cheating in general. 40 Most studies of plagiarism lump the offense into broad measures of academic cheating, and even fewer incorporate personality-related measures. One of the few studies to compare personality measures and plagiarism used the Keirsey Temperament Sorter, which, in turn, is based on the Myers Briggs Type Indicator. The study found that temperament did not correlate with either plagiarism or any of nine other cheating behaviors. 41 Other studies have found correlations between a Type A personality and 34 statements on cheating, 42 and between two employment-related integrity scales and 26 cheating items, 43 but none of those reported data on plagiarism. One of the most widely used personality measures is the Big Five model. 44 The model is the result of years of research to summarize the terms people use to describe themselves into a succinct taxonomy. 45 The Big Five are extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism (sometimes referred to by its opposite, emotional stability) and openness to experience. 46 The Big Five model has repeatedly been shown to be statistically valid for testing differences between individuals. 47 Only one study, published after this research began, has compared Big Five measures and plagiarism: a Canadian study that found one factor, agreeableness, was negatively correlated with plagiarism identified by Turnitin. 48 A study evaluating students who may have cheated on exams according to a computer program revealed no significant relationships between test cheating and the Big Five measures. 49 A study involving another form of cheating, in

Authors: Lewis, Norman. and Zhong, Bu.
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serious than other types of cheating,
 and British students interviewed about cheating 
saw plagiarism as a minor concern.
 Students also tend to overemphasize the prevalence 
of plagiarism among their peers, a factor that may lead to self-rationalizing behavior.
Peer behavior was the strongest predictor of academic cheating in general.
Most studies of plagiarism lump the offense into broad measures of academic 
cheating, and even fewer incorporate personality-related measures. One of the few 
studies to compare personality measures and plagiarism used the Keirsey Temperament 
Sorter, which, in turn, is based on the Myers Briggs Type Indicator. The study found that 
temperament did not correlate with either plagiarism or any of nine other cheating 
 Other studies have found correlations between a Type A personality and 34 
statements on cheating,
 and between two employment-related integrity scales and 26 
cheating items,
 but none of those reported data on plagiarism.
One of the most widely used personality measures is the Big Five model.
model is the result of years of research to summarize the terms people use to describe 
themselves into a succinct taxonomy.
 The Big Five are extraversion, agreeableness, 
conscientiousness, neuroticism (sometimes referred to by its opposite, emotional 
stability) and openness to experience.
 The Big Five model has repeatedly been shown to 
be statistically valid for testing differences between individuals.
 Only one study, 
published after this research began, has compared Big Five measures and plagiarism: a 
Canadian study that found one factor, agreeableness, was negatively correlated with 
plagiarism identified by Turnitin.
 A study evaluating students who may have cheated on 
exams according to a computer program revealed no significant relationships between 
test cheating and the Big Five measures.
 A study involving another form of cheating, in 

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