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Newspaper Visibility of Members of Parliament in Kenya
Unformatted Document Text:  NEWSPAPER VISIBILITY OF MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT IN KENYA 15 quartile, and 49 in moderately high. The low category comprise of 78 MPs who didn’t comment on these issues. Again, William Ruto who was the overall most covered MP, led in commenting on the controversial issues. He commented 52 times. Out of the 50 who criticized the government, 10 apiece were in the high and moderately high divisions. A total of 162 MPs didn’t criticize the government, as Table 5 shows. Bonny Khalwale, the third most-covered MP who is also the chairman of the powerful watchdog committee – PAC - led in criticizing government, doing so 20 times. Table 6 shows that Kendall’s tau-b for the two variables is .575 and .356. As Kendall’s tau-b and multiple regression coefficient shows in Table 6, commenting on contentious issues was statistically the strongest predictor of the MPs’ coverage in the four newspapers . Table 4: Commenting on Contentious Issues vs. Total Visibility Commenting on Contentious Issues Total Visibility Low Moderately Low Moderately High High Total Low 37 (72.5%) 13 (25.5%) 1 (2.0%) 0 (0%) 51 Moderately Low 21 (41.2%) 15 (29.4%) 14 (27.5%) 1 (2.0%) 51 Moderately High 18 (31.6%) 11 (19.3%) 23 (40.4%) 5 (8.8%) 57 High 2 (3.8%) 6 (11.3%) 11 (20.8%) 34 (64.2) 53 Total 78 (36.8%) 45 (21.2%) 49 (23.1%) 40 (18.9%) 212 Kendall’s tau-b = .575, p = < .001 Table 5: Criticizing Government vs. Total Visibility Criticizing Government Total Visibility Low Moderately Low Moderately High High Total Low 49 (96.1%) 1 (2.0%) 1 (2.0%) 0 (0%) 51 Moderately Low 45 (88.2%) 6 (11.8%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 51 Moderately High 41 (71.9%) 7 (12.3%) 7 (12.3%) 2 (3.5%) 57 High 27 (50.9%) 16 (30.2%) 2 (3.8%) 8 (15.1%) 53 Total 162 (76.4%) 30 (14.2%) 10 (4.7%) 10 (4.7%) 212 Kendall’s tau-b = .356, (p = < .001) Size of Party and Size of Tribe There were 130 MPs who belonged to the five big tribes and 82 were from small tribes – representing 61.3% and 38.7% respectively. Forty two MPs from the big tribes were in the

Authors: Ireri, Kioko.
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NEWSPAPER VISIBILITY OF MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT IN KENYA 15
quartile, and 49 in moderately high. The low category comprise of 78 MPs who didn’t comment 
on these issues. Again, William Ruto who was the overall most covered MP, led in commenting 
on   the   controversial   issues.   He   commented   52   times.   Out   of   the   50   who   criticized   the 
government, 10 apiece were in the high and moderately high divisions. A total of 162 MPs 
didn’t criticize the government, as Table 5 shows. Bonny Khalwale, the third most-covered MP 
who   is   also   the   chairman   of   the   powerful   watchdog   committee   –   PAC   -   led   in   criticizing 
government, doing so 20 times. Table 6 shows that Kendall’s tau-b for the two variables is .575 
and .356. As Kendall’s tau-b and multiple regression coefficient shows in Table 6, commenting 
on contentious issues was statistically the strongest predictor of the MPs’ coverage in the four 
newspapers
Table 4: Commenting on Contentious Issues vs. Total Visibility
Commenting on Contentious Issues
Total Visibility
Low
Moderately Low
Moderately High
High
Total
Low
37 (72.5%)
13 (25.5%)
1 (2.0%)
0 (0%)
51
Moderately Low
21 (41.2%)
15 (29.4%)
14 (27.5%)
1 (2.0%)
51
Moderately High
18 (31.6%)
11 (19.3%)
23 (40.4%)
5 (8.8%)
57
High
2 (3.8%)
6 (11.3%)
11 (20.8%)
34 (64.2)
53
Total
78 (36.8%)
45 (21.2%)
49 (23.1%)
40 (18.9%)
212
Kendall’s tau-b = .575, p = < .001
Table 5: Criticizing Government vs. Total Visibility
Criticizing Government
Total Visibility
Low
Moderately Low
Moderately High
High
Total
Low
49 (96.1%)
1 (2.0%)
1 (2.0%)
0 (0%)
51
Moderately Low
45 (88.2%)
6 (11.8%)
0 (0%)
0 (0%)
51
Moderately High
41 (71.9%)
7 (12.3%)
7 (12.3%)
2 (3.5%)
57
High
27 (50.9%)
16 (30.2%)
2 (3.8%)
8 (15.1%)
53
Total
162 (76.4%)
30 (14.2%)
10 (4.7%)
10 (4.7%)
212
Kendall’s tau-b = .356, (p = < .001)
Size of Party and Size of Tribe
There were 130 MPs who belonged to the five big tribes and 82 were from small tribes  
– representing 61.3% and 38.7% respectively. Forty two MPs from the big tribes were in the 


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