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Portrayal of the Iraqi Kurdistan Region in U.S. Newspapers
Unformatted Document Text:  because it can quantify messages and gives the reader a summary as it is not limited to variables used (Neuendorf, 2002). Berger (1991) said “content analysis is a research technique that is based on measuring the amount of something in a representative sampling of some mass-mediated popular art form” (p.25). And Weber (1990) defines it as “a research method that uses a set of procedures to make valid inferences from text” (p. 9). This study focuses on the year 2009 to find out whether the U.S. newspaper coverage of Iraqi Kurdistan region was positive, negative or neutral. The reason behind choosing that year is that a good population, i.e. enough number of articles of U.S. newspapers, was available about the region. The researcher first chose two years (2008 and 2009) to get enough articles and came out without success as there were not enough articles in the three newspapers about Kurdistan in 2008. The year 2009 was the time when the three newspapers focused on Kurdistan more than the years before because of the elections. Therefore, the researcher decided to focus on the year 2009 and chose paragraphs as units of analysis for this study. The researcher originally chose four U.S. newspapers for this study: the New York Times, Washington Times, Washington Post and Christian Science Monitor. The selection of the newspapers is based on their high circulations and their focus on international coverage. After examining the articles, the researcher found that the articles of the Christian Science Monitor did not focus on Kurdistan Region and all were about Iraq. Therefore, that newspaper was excluded. Phrases including “Kurdish people in Iraq”, “Iraqi Kurdistan Region”, “Kurdistan region of Iraq” and “Iraqi Kurds” were searched in the Lexis Nexis

Authors: Ghafour, Goran.
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because it can quantify messages and gives the reader a summary as it is not limited 
to variables used (Neuendorf, 2002). Berger (1991) said “content analysis is a 
research technique that is based on measuring the amount of something in a 
representative sampling of some mass-mediated popular art form” (p.25). And Weber 
(1990) defines it as “a research method that uses a set of procedures to make valid 
inferences from text” (p. 9). 
     This study focuses on the year 2009 to find out whether the U.S. newspaper 
coverage of Iraqi Kurdistan region was positive, negative or neutral. The reason 
behind choosing that year is that a good population, i.e. enough number of articles of 
U.S. newspapers, was available about the region. The researcher first chose two years 
(2008 and 2009) to get enough articles and came out without success as there were 
not enough articles in the three newspapers about Kurdistan in 2008. The year 2009 
was the time when the three newspapers focused on Kurdistan more than the years 
before because of the elections. Therefore, the researcher decided to focus on the 
year 2009 and chose paragraphs as units of analysis for this study. 
The researcher originally chose four U.S. newspapers for this study: the New 
York TimesWashington TimesWashington Post and Christian Science Monitor. The 
selection of the newspapers is based on their high circulations and their focus on 
international coverage. After examining the articles, the researcher found that the 
articles of the Christian Science Monitor did not focus on Kurdistan Region and all 
were about Iraq. Therefore, that newspaper was excluded. 
     Phrases including “Kurdish people in Iraq”, “Iraqi Kurdistan Region”, 
“Kurdistan region of Iraq” and “Iraqi Kurds” were searched in the Lexis Nexis 


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