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Game Over? Male and female sportswriters’ attitudes toward their jobs and plans to leave journalism
Unformatted Document Text:  Game Over? 10 personal demographics and job and career characteristics? RQ2: Do male and female sportswriters differ on levels of job satisfaction? RQ 3: Do male and female sportswriters differ in feelings of empowerment? RQ 4: Do male and female sportswriters differ on their outlooks toward the profession? RQ 5: Do male and female sportswriters differ on plans to remain in sports journalism? RQ 6: How do all factors (demographics, job and career characteristics, job satisfaction, empowerment and outlook) relate to plans to remain in sports journalism? What is most predictive of a journalists’ plan to leave the profession? Method The method used to examine the constructs in the research questions was a survey link delivered by e-mail, linking the respondents to a Web-based data collection system. Population and sample The theoretical population of interest is any person writing, editing, or designing sports content at any large daily newspaper in the United States. Although this study refers to sportswriters, it includes all editorial sports department staff members. Previous studies of this type have drawn their samples from membership lists of organizations of journalists, sportswriters, or female sports journalists (Hu & Greer, 2006) but these groups do not include all sportswriters as members and do not provide a large group of both men and women for the comparisons desired in this study. Therefore, the survey was sent to sportswriters working at the top 100 U.S. newspapers based on circulation as determined by the Audit Bureau of Circulations. From this list, a two-tiered sampling scheme was used. First, 50 newspapers were

Authors: Jones, Jessie. and Greer, Jennifer.
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Game Over? 10
personal demographics and job and career characteristics?
RQ2: Do male and female sportswriters differ on levels of job satisfaction?
RQ 3: Do male and female sportswriters differ in feelings of empowerment?
RQ 4: Do male and female sportswriters differ on their outlooks toward the profession?
RQ 5: Do male and female sportswriters differ on plans to remain in sports journalism?
RQ 6: How do all factors (demographics, job and career characteristics, job satisfaction, 
empowerment and outlook) relate to plans to remain in sports journalism? What is 
most predictive of a journalists’ plan to leave the profession?
The method used to examine the constructs in the research questions was a survey 
link delivered by e-mail, linking the respondents to a Web-based data collection system. 
Population and sample
The theoretical population of interest is any person writing, editing, or designing 
sports content at any large daily newspaper in the United States. Although this study 
refers to sportswriters, it includes all editorial sports department staff members. Previous 
studies of this type have drawn their samples from membership lists of organizations of 
journalists, sportswriters, or female sports journalists (Hu & Greer, 2006) but these 
groups do not include all sportswriters as members and do not provide a large group of 
both men and women for the comparisons desired in this study. 
Therefore, the survey was sent to sportswriters working at the top 100 U.S. 
newspapers based on circulation as determined by the Audit Bureau of Circulations. 
From this list, a two-tiered sampling scheme was used. First, 50 newspapers were 

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