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Game Over? Male and female sportswriters’ attitudes toward their jobs and plans to leave journalism
Unformatted Document Text:  Game Over? 16 Insert Table 2 here The same pattern was found for the third research question, which examined feelings of empowerment among sportswriters. Independent sample t-tests found no difference by gender on any of the 15 items, or overall for the constructs goal internalization, perceived control, and perceived competence. As Table 2 shows, overall, respondents expressed higher agreement with their perceived competence than with goal internalization or perceived control. Respondents most agreed that they had the competence to work effectively and least agreed that they could influence major decisions made in my department. Male and female sportswriters did not significantly differ at all in their reported levels of empowerment as related to their jobs. The fourth research question compared men and women on their outlook toward their profession, both in covering sports and overall. Again, no gender differences emerged. As Table 2 shows, overall, respondents expressed most agreement with the statement that qualified journalists will always be needed to cover sports. The sportswriters were unsure if they would go into journalism again if they could redo their career path, and they disagreed with statements about feeling good about their future in the profession, sportswriting as a good career option, and journalism having a bright future. The fifth research question examined how long respondents planned to remain in sports journalism. Overall, women were significantly more likely to report that they would leave the field before retirement (X 2 (3) = 12.41, p < .006). While 68.1% (n = 98) of men said they would remain in the field until retirement, 37.1% (n = 13) of women said they would do so. Women were more than twice as likely as men to say they would

Authors: Jones, Jessie. and Greer, Jennifer.
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Game Over? 16
Insert Table 2 here
The same pattern was found for the third research question, which examined 
feelings of empowerment among sportswriters. Independent sample t-tests found no 
difference by gender on any of the 15 items, or overall for the constructs goal 
internalization, perceived control, and perceived competence. As Table 2 shows, overall, 
respondents expressed higher agreement with their perceived competence than with goal 
internalization or perceived control. Respondents most agreed that they had the 
competence to work effectively and least agreed that they could influence major 
decisions made in my department. Male and female sportswriters did not significantly 
differ at all in their reported levels of empowerment as related to their jobs. 
The fourth research question compared men and women on their outlook toward 
their profession, both in covering sports and overall. Again, no gender differences 
emerged. As Table 2 shows, overall, respondents expressed most agreement with the 
statement that qualified journalists will always be needed to cover sports. The 
sportswriters were unsure if they would go into journalism again if they could redo their 
career path, and they disagreed with statements about feeling good about their future in 
the profession, sportswriting as a good career option, and journalism having a bright 
future.
The fifth research question examined how long respondents planned to remain in 
sports journalism. Overall, women were significantly more likely to report that they 
would leave the field before retirement (X
2
(3) = 12.41, p < .006). While 68.1% (n = 98) 
of men said they would remain in the field until retirement, 37.1% (n = 13) of women 
said they would do so. Women were more than twice as likely as men to say they would 


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