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Game Over? Male and female sportswriters’ attitudes toward their jobs and plans to leave journalism
Unformatted Document Text:  Game Over? 17 leave the field within the next two years (22.9%, n = 9 for women; 9%, n = 13 for men). They were also more likely than men to report that they would leave in the next three to five years or in the next six to 10 years. So despite job satisfaction, feelings of empowerment, and outlooks that matched men, women were still more likely to report planning to leave the field. The final research question examined all factors as they related to plans to remain in the field. In a regression analysis, the five attitudinal indicators (job satisfaction, goal internalization, perceived control, perceived competence, and outlook toward the profession) were examined as independent variables in a blocked regression model with length of time the respondent planned to stay in the field as the dependent variable. For all variables, higher numbers equaled more (more satisfaction, empowerment, positive outlook, and longer tenure plans in sports journalism). With the five attitudinal variables loaded in, a significant model emerged for plans to stay in the field (F(5,154) = 4.01, p < .002), with goal internalization and professional outlook as significant predictor variables. Sports journalists who had reported higher internalization of their newspaper’s goals and more positive outlooks reported that they would stay in the field longer. These two predictors in the model explained roughly 11.5% of the variance in plans to remain in sports journalism (r 2 = . 115). None of the other attitudinal variables emerged as significant predictors in the model. After attitudinal variables were tested in the first block, demographic and career variables were added in separate blocks. The block with career variables did not result in any significant change in the model’s power, and no variables in this group emerged as

Authors: Jones, Jessie. and Greer, Jennifer.
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Game Over? 17
leave the field within the next two years (22.9%, n = 9 for women; 9%, n = 13 for men). 
They were also more likely than men to report that they would leave in the next three to 
five years or in the next six to 10 years. So despite job satisfaction, feelings of 
empowerment, and outlooks that matched men, women were still more likely to report 
planning to leave the field.
The final research question examined all factors as they related to plans to remain 
in the field. In a regression analysis, the five attitudinal indicators (job satisfaction, goal 
internalization, perceived control, perceived competence, and outlook toward the 
profession) were examined as independent variables in a blocked regression model with 
length of time the respondent planned to stay in the field as the dependent variable. For 
all variables, higher numbers equaled more (more satisfaction, empowerment, positive 
outlook, and longer tenure plans in sports journalism).
With the five attitudinal variables loaded in, a significant model emerged for 
plans to stay in the field (F(5,154) = 4.01, p < .002), with goal internalization and 
professional outlook as significant predictor variables. Sports journalists who had 
reported higher internalization of their newspaper’s goals and more positive outlooks 
reported that they would stay in the field longer. These two predictors in the model 
explained roughly 11.5% of the variance in plans to remain in sports journalism (r
2
 = .
115). None of the other attitudinal variables emerged as significant predictors in the 
model.
After attitudinal variables were tested in the first block, demographic and career 
variables were added in separate blocks. The block with career variables did not result in 
any significant change in the model’s power, and no variables in this group emerged as 


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