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Game Over? Male and female sportswriters’ attitudes toward their jobs and plans to leave journalism
Unformatted Document Text:  Game Over? 4 compared these women with their male counterparts. Given the recent massive economic shifts in the newspaper industry, all newspaper journalists are working more hours with fewer resources. Many of the perks of the sports writing beat, including travel, are being curtailed. It is likely that the attitudes, experiences, and career plans of all sportswriters, regardless of gender, may have suffered in recent years. This study aims to explore the differences between male and female sportswriters in demographics, job satisfaction, feelings of empowerment, professional outlooks, and long-term career plans. Using data from an Internet survey of sports journalists at the nation’s 100 largest newspapers, it also explores the relationship among these variables. The ultimate goal is to examine factors linked to plans to leave sports writing careers at U.S. newspapers, with gender as a key variable of interest. Literature Review Because gender is a key construct in this study, research focused on female journalists and female sportswriters is highlighted. Representation in the newsroom Women and racial minorities had limited opportunities for promotions to management positions in the news industry before the 1980s (Giles, 1991). Women typically worked for the so-called “soft” news departments, including society, features, or food. In the 1970s, women began to break some barriers, a change linked to major discrimination suits against companies like The New York Times, The Washington Post, Newsday, and Newsweek (Giles, 1991). Still, the Media Management Center at Northwestern University (2002) found that, despite a boost in numbers in the late 1980s, progress for women in U.S. newspapers has slowed in recent years (see also Progress

Authors: Jones, Jessie. and Greer, Jennifer.
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Game Over? 4
compared these women with their male counterparts. Given the recent massive economic 
shifts in the newspaper industry, all newspaper journalists are working more hours with 
fewer resources. Many of the perks of the sports writing beat, including travel, are being 
curtailed. It is likely that the attitudes, experiences, and career plans of all sportswriters, 
regardless of gender, may have suffered in recent years. 
This study aims to explore the differences between male and female sportswriters 
in demographics, job satisfaction, feelings of empowerment, professional outlooks, and 
long-term career plans. Using data from an Internet survey of sports journalists at the 
nation’s 100 largest newspapers, it also explores the relationship among these variables. 
The ultimate goal is to examine factors linked to plans to leave sports writing careers at 
U.S. newspapers, with gender as a key variable of interest.
Literature Review
Because gender is a key construct in this study, research focused on female 
journalists and female sportswriters is highlighted.
Representation in the newsroom 
Women and racial minorities had limited opportunities for promotions to 
management positions in the news industry before the 1980s (Giles, 1991).  Women 
typically worked for the so-called “soft” news departments, including society, features, or 
food. In the 1970s, women began to break some barriers, a change linked to major 
discrimination suits against companies like The New York TimesThe Washington Post
Newsday, and Newsweek (Giles, 1991). Still, the Media Management Center at 
Northwestern University (2002) found that, despite a boost in numbers in the late 1980s, 
progress for women in U.S. newspapers has slowed in recent years (see also Progress 

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