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Game Over? Male and female sportswriters’ attitudes toward their jobs and plans to leave journalism
Unformatted Document Text:  Game Over? 9 last newspaper position primarily because of frustration with management, which included feeling their workload was too heavy, believing they had little opportunity to advance, and wanting more personal time. The need for a higher salary was also a strong influence” (Willard, 2007, p. 23). Looking specifically at sports journalists, one survey of women in sports media found that that sports departments may have become more tolerant in the past decade, but that “women who enter sports media careers still face a patriarchal environment that discourages them from pursuing long-term tenure” (Hardin & Shain, 2005, p. 804). In that study, Hardin and Shain (2005) found that negative job satisfaction related to the consideration to leave the careers. Respondents listed hours (31%), lack of advancement (15%), and pay (11%) as reasons for considering leaving their careers. In the late 2000s, journalists faced layoffs, cutbacks, and evaporating opportunity for advancement following a nationwide economic downturn and a drop in advertising. More than 15,000 employees at U.S. newspapers were laid off or offered buyouts in 2008 (Hodierne, 2009). The layoffs and buyouts continued at the same pace in 2009, when 14,845 people were affected (Cuts, 2009). Although many studies have documented low morale among female journalists, it is likely that these recent upheavals have affected professional outlooks for all journalists, male and female alike. Research questions In light of the literature reviewed above, the following research questions are posed: RQ 1: Do the men and women working in large newspaper sports departments differ in

Authors: Jones, Jessie. and Greer, Jennifer.
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Game Over? 9
last newspaper position primarily because of frustration with management, which 
included feeling their workload was too heavy, believing they had little opportunity to 
advance, and wanting more personal time. The need for a higher salary was also a strong 
influence” (Willard, 2007, p. 23).
Looking specifically at sports journalists, one survey of women in sports media 
found that that sports departments may have become more tolerant in the past decade, but 
that “women who enter sports media careers still face a patriarchal environment that 
discourages them from pursuing long-term tenure” (Hardin & Shain, 2005, p. 804). In 
that study, Hardin and Shain (2005) found that negative job satisfaction related to the 
consideration to leave the careers. Respondents listed hours (31%), lack of advancement 
(15%), and pay (11%) as reasons for considering leaving their careers.
In the late 2000s, journalists faced layoffs, cutbacks, and evaporating opportunity 
for advancement following a nationwide economic downturn and a drop in advertising. 
More than 15,000 employees at U.S. newspapers were laid off or offered buyouts in 2008 
(Hodierne, 2009). The layoffs and buyouts continued at the same pace in 2009, when 
14,845 people were affected (Cuts, 2009). Although many studies have documented low 
morale among female journalists, it is likely that these recent upheavals have affected 
professional outlooks for all journalists, male and female alike.
Research questions
In light of the literature reviewed above, the following research questions are 
RQ 1: Do the men and women working in large newspaper sports departments differ in 

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