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Flying Dragon Seeking Freedom of Information: A Critique of Chinese OGI Regulations
Unformatted Document Text:  Part II Textual Analysis of Chinese OGI Regulations Judicial Enforcement and Applicability to Government Entities The Chinese OGI Regulations were promulgated by the State Council, China’s Cabinet , which has certain powers to formulate administrative regulations. A definition of ―administrative agencies‖ is absent in Chinese OGI Regulations, however, the law does define ―government information‖ as ―information made or obtained by administrative agencies in the course of exercising their responsibilities and recorded and stored in a given form.‖ 40 According to Dr. Yanbin Lü, a legal scholar at Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, ―administrative agencies‖ refer only to the executive branch of the Chinese government at all levels running from the township level to the central level. 41 In the Chinese political system, townships are within counties, counties are within cities and provinces include all three. 40 Article 2, Chapter I, Regulations of the People’s Republic of China on Open Government Information. Retrieved at: < http://www.law.yale.edu/documents/pdf/Intellectual_Life/Ch_OGI_Regualtions_ Eng_Final_051607.pdf >. (last visited 03/31/2011). 41 In an email interview with the authors of this paper, Dr. Yanbin Lü stressed that Chinese OGI Regulations do not define ―administrative agency‖ because 1) Regulations were promulgated by the State Council, automatically meaning that the law only applies to the executive branch of the government; 2) when defining ―government information,‖ the State Council is equating ―government‖ with ―administrative agency.‖ Also, villagers committees are not subject to OGI Regulations since they are not a form of government but grass-roots self-governing mass organizations. Of course according to Organic Law of the Villagers Committees, such organizations also have obligations to disclose information (financial information in particular) to villagers on a regular basis.

Authors: Tang, Yong. and Martin, Halstuk.
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background image
 
 
Part II 
Textual Analysis of Chinese OGI Regulations 
Judicial Enforcement and Applicability to Government Entities 
The Chinese OGI Regulations were promulgated by the State Council, 
China’s Cabinet
, which has certain powers to formulate administrative 
regulations. 
A definition of ―administrative agencies‖ 
is absent in Chinese OGI 
Regulations, however, 
the law does define ―government information‖ as 
―information made or obtained by administrative agencies in the course of 
exercising their responsibilities and recorded and stored in a given form.‖
40
 
According to Dr. Yanbin Lü, a legal scholar at Chinese Academy of Social 
Sciences, ―administrative agencies‖ refer only to the executive branch of the 
Chinese government at all levels running from the township level to the central 
level.
41
 In the Chinese political system, townships are within counties, counties 
are within cities and provinces include all three. 
                                                      
40
 
Article 2, Chapter I, Regulations of the People’s Republic of China on Open 
Government Information. Retrieved at: 
<
>. (last visited 03/31/2011).  
 
41
 In an email interview with the authors of this paper, Dr. Yanbin Lü stressed that 
Chinese OGI Regulations do not define ―administrative agency‖ because 1) 
Regulations were promulgated by the State Council, automatically meaning that 
the law only applies to the executive branch of the government; 2) when defining 
―government information,‖ the State Council is equating ―government‖ with 
―administrative agency.‖ Also, villagers committees are not subject to OGI 
Regulations since they are not a form of government but grass-roots self-
governing mass organizations. Of course according to Organic Law of the 
Villagers Committees, such organizations also have obligations to disclose 
information (financial information in particular) to villagers on a regular basis. 
 


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